/ / Pozzuoli: photo description (Pozzuoli)

Pozzuoli: photo description (Pozzuoli)

Pozzuoli is a town in the province of Naples in the Italian region of Campania, the largest in the Phlegraean Peninsula. The city's history is rooted in antiquity - in ancient times it was a Greek colony, then, in 194-m BC, its territory was founded a Roman colony under the name Puteoli (from the Latin "potere" - to stink). The name of the colony was given because of the sulfur smell, because it was located in the centre of a volcanic Caldera Phlegraean fields. In those years Puteoli was an important trading center because the city held many of the goods produced in the Campaign, including marble, mosaic, articles made of blown glass and wrought iron, etc. the Roman fleet, stationed in the neighboring Misenum, was the largest in the ancient world. Here was the country residence of the Roman dictator sulla, he died on it in ' 78 BCE, And there went ashore, the Apostle Paul EN route to Rome, in Puteoli he spent seven days and then on the Appian way went to the capital of a mighty Empire. In the 4th century the city was executed by the Holy Proclus and his followers: this event is reminiscent of the seven eagle heads on the arms of Pozzuoli, which symbolize the seven martyrs. And the Holy Proclus (San Procolo) is now considered the patron Saint of the city.

One of the main tourist attractions of Pozzuoli is Macellum, also known as the Temple of Serapis or Serapeum, is a real symbol of the city. In fact, the "temple" was a covered market, and its name comes from the misinterpretation of the functions of the building after discovering it in 1750, the year the statue of the ancient Egyptian God Serapis. From Macellum to our days there were three great columns of green marble. Monuments of antiquity are also Flavius amphitheatre is the third largest in Italy after the Colosseum and amphitheatre of Capua, and the forum. Of religious buildings is called the Church of San Gennaro (St. Januarius) is one of two areas where there is the miracle of the liquefaction of the blood of the Holy (second place - Cathedral of Naples).

Particularly noteworthy natural sights of Pozzuoli, for example, Solfatara is a volcanic crater with active fumaroles. In the lake of Averno, according to the ancient poet Virgil, is the entrance to Hades, and near the lake is the Temple of Apollo, the grotto of Sybil and the grotto, Cachao (the latter was seriously damaged during the Second World war and now closed to the public). Another lake in the area of Pozzuoli - Lucrino in the era of Ancient Rome was a recognized resort. On its shores was located the Villa of Cicero, and Pliny the Elder mentions the legend that in the lake lived a Dolphin who befriended a kid. When the child became ill and died, the Dolphin died of a broken heart - this story is considered the first known urban legend.