/ / The natural Park of Matese: photos, description (Parco regionale del Matese)

The natural Park of Matese: photos, description (Parco regionale del Matese)

The natural Park of Matese in the province of Caserta was established in 2002, the year for one of the largest and most important limestone and dolomite mountain ranges in the region. It is spread over an area of 33 thousand hectares and is considered one of the most interesting areas of Central Apennines from the point of view of the wealth of ecosystems. Most of the Park is a limestone mountain range stretching between Molise and Campania. This area, populated by wolves and Golden eagles, the remarkable amazing landscape with blue lakes that reflect the mountain peaks, well-preserved ancient villages and towns, monuments of history and culture left by the ancient Romans and Samnites. The main peaks of the Park of mount Miletto, Gallinula and Nutria. With Miletto (2050 m) offers a wonderful view down to the lake, most of the Campaign and Molise, the peaks of the Gran Sasso to the North and the Tyrrhenian and the Adriatic sea. Gallinula mountain (1923 m) is notable for its plateaus of Campolongo, Pipeline and Camerelle.

All territory of Park "Matese" unique from a naturalistic point of view. East, the highest slopes are covered with beech forest, lower slopes mixed forest, consisting of chestnut and Paulovich groves, and the most Sunny areas the busy Mediterranean scrub. In the undergrowth can be found blooming wild orchids, and on the rocky cliffs there are rare and endemic species, like auricula, saxifrage, edraianthus sluchainogo and mullein. Special attention is given cypress grove in the municipality of Fontegreca - trees here reach the age of 500 years and a height of 30 meters! On the territory of the grove, you can find ponds with crystal clear water created by the flow of the river Sava.

From wild animals in the Park "Matese" there are wolves and wild cats, and the bird Kingdom is represented by hawks, Sparrowhawk, Buzzard and other birds of prey. The abundance of water resources, attracts many water birds like herons, white storks, reed Harriers, ruffs, and ducks.

Three large lakes of Matese, Gallo and Letino - located in the valley, which is considered one of the most beautiful in the Apennines. Matese is the highest karstic lake in Italy. Lake Letino and Gallo were created during the construction of dams on the rivers Sava and Summer and are still used to produce power. Above the dam the lake Letino at a distance of 89 meters from each other are two caves of incredible beauty with stalactites and stalagmites and small waterfalls. Special attention is given ecosystem Le Mortine, taken under the protection of WWF: cormorants use her forest for the night, and about a thousand coots live here permanently.

Finally, the Matese is also a territory of important historical and cultural heritage, with traditions and legends from ancient times are an integral part of the lives of the local population. On-site paleontological area Pietraroja preserved fossils of more than 20 species of sea and river fish, amphibians, ancestor of modern salamanders, two crocodiles and even a baby dinosaur, known as Ciro. Scientists determine the age of these remains at 113 million years old. To see a fossil in a small Museum in the town Kusano Mutri.

Throughout the Park are scattered with ancient castles, fortress walls, towers and fortified buildings and churches. You should pay special attention to the Castello Prata with corner cylindrical towers built in the 12th century, it is well preserved. To get acquainted with sights of the Park you can go Hiking on the trails. Very popular among tourists is the longest in the world trail is the sentiero Italia. It starts in the town of Gioia Sannitica and goes to Monte Crocella on the border with Molise.