/ / Pond Stagno di Molentargius: photos, description (Stagno di Molentargius)

Pond Stagno di Molentargius: photos, description (Stagno di Molentargius)

The Stagno di Molentargius pond, spread over an area of more than 1 thousand acres in the vicinity of the city of Cagliari in Sardinia. From the East it is bounded by the quarter of a Quart from the North - Viale Marconi, South of is arenas.

The molentargius - an ancient pond it is known that for about 100 thousand years ago this place there was a dam or a large swamp. In the days of the Phoenicians began salt production, which continued during the Spanish reign and later, when the Piedmontese. Originally, salt was mined by the inhabitants of the surrounding villages - they worked in the summer months. Then, between the 9th and 10th centuries, that hard work began to use prisoners. Hence the name the Molentargius: "su momenti" is a small Sardinian donkey, which was loaded with bags of salt and which was used to hold the boats in the channels.

In the first decades of the 20th century, the method of obtaining salt was modified - there was a system of vats, in which salt began to evaporate: the seawater pumped to the outside pools, and from there it is slowly pumped into the Central pool. From the Central pool through the channel the IP of arenas water flows into the "salt" tanks in Quartu where the process of evaporation of salt.

But the Molentargius is not only economic, but also ecological value - the whole area of the pond is an ecosystem of great importance. This nature reserve is home to thousands of birds belonging to 200 species! Despite the establishment of the pillars in the center of the pond, the discharge of waste waters, poaching and other forms of environmental pollution, the incredible bird diversity of Molentargius continues to amaze scientists and tourists. In the near future there is planned the creation of a natural Park with a Museum and a library. And while on the shore of the pond possible to meet the pink Flamingo, Curlew, striped black-winged stilts, Plovers, kamyshny, marsh Harriers, wild ducks, small purple swamphens and other birds that inhabit freshwater and salt water resources.