/ / Piazza Villena: photo description (Piazza Vigliena)

Piazza Villena: photo description (Piazza Vigliena)

Piazza Villena, which is popularly referred to simply as Quattro Canti, which translated from Italian means "four corners", is one of the main Baroque square in Palermo, the Sicilian capital. It is located on persechenii of Corso Vittorio Emanuele, formerly known as the Cassaro and via Maqueda. The creation of the square refers to the beginning of the 17th century, where the maze of streets of old Palermo on the orders of Spanish Viceroy Maqueda was laid straight street perpendicular to the Cassaro. Later, the new street was named after its founder.

Today, the Piazza Villena, with its buildings in Sicilian Baroque style is one of the most popular tourist attractions of the city. Most of the architectural ensemble of the square was designed by Giulio Lasso and built in the first half of the 17th century by the architect Giuseppe de Avanzato. The Piazza itself has a very unusual octagonal shape, because the corners of four buildings facing it were specially curved. In addition, the facades of these four-storey buildings made in the same style, which gives the area a finished appearance: the lower level of each building is decorated with a fountain with a statue of one of the seasons, on the middle tier, you can see statues of the Spanish kings Philip II, Philip III, Philip IV and the Emperor Charles V, who were the rulers of the Kingdom of Sicily, and on the upper tier there are the statues of saints Agatha, Christina, Ninfa and Oliva - them until the 17th century revered patron of Palermo. Later, these saints became the patroness of the city blocks that start behind each statue. In the South-Western corner of Piazza Villena stands the Catholic Church of San Giuseppe Teatini DNA is one of the most striking examples of Sicilian Baroque style. In the 17th century Quattro Canti was one of the largest samples of urban planning in Europe.