/ / Roman forum: photos, description (Foro Romano)

Roman forum: photos, description (Foro Romano)

At the end of the Republican period the Roman Forum does not meet the requirements of socio-political life of the city. The forum was updated, built the Basilica of the building, which hosted the trials. Emperors constantly renewed the old buildings and erected new temples and monuments.

Curia

The building of the Curia, where the meetings of the Roman Senate, was laid under Julius Caesar in the 40s BC, but the Building was burned down several times, and in the year 630 Honorius I converted it into a Church.Hadrian, who was also destroyed. The Curia is a rectangular building with four huge piers at the corners that serve as buttresses and running in one axis with the facades. From the side of the main facade is a door and three large opening Windows to illuminate the room. The roof is made of wood.

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina goes on via Sacra. The Church building, erected in 141 year reached us in a state of good preservation due to the fact that in the early middle ages the structure was built the Church San Lorenzo in Miranda. Currently, the temple is a staircase with a brick altar in the center. Pronaos preceded the entrance of the temple, formed the Corinthian columns of marble with streaks of six on the facade and two lateral. Some of the columns are engraved the images of deities; on the frieze, griffins and floral motifs.

Via Sacra

Many ancient sources give a variety of information about the via Sacra, but its original route is still not established, moreover, it has undergone great changes in connection with the development of urban construction works. There are also many versions explaining the name "Sacred". So, Varro explains it by the fact that this road held a religious procession; Festi allow such an interpretation, however, adds to her mythological episode, which tells of the conclusion of the Holy Alliance between Romulus and Titus Tazeem, which allegedly happened here. In all likelihood, this name is due to the fact that along the route there were many ancient religious places and structures.

Other buildings of the Roman Forum

Three massive cylindrical arch is all that remains of the huge Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius. Like other basilicas of the Forum, it was used for trials and business cases.

Arch of Septimius Severus was erected in 203 in honor of the decade of the reign of the Emperor Septimius Severus. The arch of Titus was built by Emperor Domitian in 81 year, to commemorate the looting of Jerusalem by his father Vespasian and brother Titus over 13 years.

In the House of the vestal virgins were priestesses of Vesta. This huge complex of 50 rooms was once connected with the temple of Vesta in the vicinity. The temple priestesses kept the fire alive, which was a symbol of eternity city.

Note

  • Location: Via della Salaria Vecchia, 5/6, Rome
  • Nearest metro stations: "Colosseo", "Eur Fermi".
  • Opening hours: daily in March, 8.30-17.00, from April to September 8.30-19.15, in September, 8.30-19.00, in October, 8.30-18.30, Nov-March 8.30-16.30.
  • Tickets: adults - 12 euros, children under 18 years stay free of charge.