/ / Rossano: photo description (Rossano)

Rossano: photo description (Rossano)

Rossano is a small town in the province of Cosenza in the Italian region Calabria, located on the hills 3 km from the Gulf of Taranto. The city is known for its marble and alabaster quarries. In addition, there is a Department of the Catholic Archdiocese - two Popes were born in Rossano.

During the Roman Empire the city was called Roscianum. In the 2nd century ad by order of Emperor Hadrian was built (or rebuilt) port, which can host up to 300 ships. "Itinerario Antonina August," the city is mentioned as one of the most important outposts of Calabria. Even the Goths, first under the leadership of Alaric I, and then the mighty Totila failed to conquer Rossano.

Rossano residents expressed a special attachment to the Byzantine Empire and this is why there was a "bet" of the Emperor. A significant relic of that period extant, is "Rozanski code", written in the 6th century, is a unique illustrated manuscript on 188 parchment sheets.

The warlike Saracens also failed to conquer Rossano. Only in 982, the year Emperor Otto II for a short time seized power in the city. Despite the further conquest by the Normans, Rossano has long retained its Greek roots and traditions. Especially clearly this is manifested in the predominance of the Byzantine liturgical rites, the Latin. Their privileges Rossano maintained during the periods of rule of the Hohenstaufen and Angevin dynasties, however, after the feudalization in 1417, the year began a period of decline. In the 15th century, the town became the property of the family of Sforza, and from them to the Polish king Sigismund. In 1558, the year it was annexed to the Kingdom of Naples. In those years, Rossano was the cultural center of the region. Then, for several centuries, the town passed from hand to hand, until in 1861, the year was not part of the United Italy. And that's when most of the inhabitants of the city were forced to emigrate due to economic difficulties do not allow them to live a decent life.

Today, Rossano is constantly visited by tourist groups to explore the unique historical and archaeological heritage of the city. Its Cathedral was built in the 11th century, but substantially rebuilt in the 18-19 th centuries. It has three naves and three apses. The bell tower and font date from the 14th century. The main treasure of the Cathedral is the ancient icon of the Madonna achiropita (miraculously) made probably in the late 6th century. And in the sacristy of the Cathedral in 1879, the year was "Rozanski code".

Rossano is also worth seeing the Church of Santa Maria Panaghia - a superb example of Byzantine architecture, Santa Chiara mid-16th century, the San Francesco di Paola, with the Renaissance portal and cloister, late Gothic Church of San Bernardino, the first Roman Catholic Church of the city. The Church of St. Mark, built in the 10th century and originally dedicated to St. Anastasia, is the oldest building Rossano and one of the most well-preserved Byzantine churches of Italy.

Outside the city walls deserve attention Torre stellata of the 16th century and the Abbey del Patire the 11th-12th centuries with the ancient Arab-Norman frescoes, a Norman apse and ancient portals.