/ / The gardens of Montagnola: photo, description Il Giardino della Montagnola)

The gardens of Montagnola: photo, description Il Giardino della Montagnola)

The gardens of Montagnola in Bologna, despite its name, is more of a Park than conventional gardens. They are located on an artificially created hill of Montagnola, towering 60 metres above the city. At the foot of the hill stands a huge statue - a Monument to the People dedicated to all those who died 18 Aug 1848. This day is considered the most important in Bologna the history of the unification of Italy. The monument depicts a fallen Austrian soldier, upon which a jubilant Italian, holding the tricolor - a symbol of the unity of the nation. The author of the monument, installed here in 1903, is a Bologna artist Pasquale Rizzoli.

Once on the site of the present Park was a forest with overgrown grass pastures, however, since 1662, on the initiative of a certain Paolo Canali began a large-scale transformation were laid tracks for horse-drawn carriages and on horseback, began to organize theatre performances under the open sky, merrymaking and social gatherings. So gardens Will become the main Park of Bologna.

In 1757, they set seven huge stone benches, symbolizing the identity of the Park people. In the first half of the 19th century engineer Giovanni Battista Martinetti had alterations of the Park on the model of French public gardens. Then Diego Sarti has created a huge sculpture, which was placed around a small pond. And in 1896 Attilio Mudge had built a palatial staircase leading to the Park from the street of via Indipendenza, the marble railing with a yelp rolled out not one generation of young Italians. By the way, for children in the Park's play area is about 350 sq. m., where often are held various festivals, birthday parties and costumed parades.

As a result of all these changes, the Montagnola gardens with their centuries-old plane trees, chestnut trees and avenues of lime trees have become not only a favorite place of citizens, but also a role model in many Italian cities established their fleets following the example of Bologna.