/ / San Leo: photo, description, (San Leo)

San Leo: photo, description, (San Leo)

San Leo is the heart of the Montefeltro region in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna to the South-West of Rimini. A small village lies on a hill at an altitude of 600 metres. Founded in Roman times, today it is officially considered one of the most beautiful in Italy. In addition, San Leo is the prestigious "Orange flag" for the development of sustainable tourism.

The real jewel of the village is the impressive castle standing on a rocky cliff, and certainly deserve to make a very steep climb to his steps. Once this lock was admired himself Dante made it a place of Purgatory in his "divine Comedy".

Familiarity with San Leo should start with the visit to Piazza Dante, where are located the most important religious and secular buildings. Of the religious buildings stands the parish Church 7-9-th century - the oldest in the city. Inside you can see two valuable exhibit - the ark in 882, the year the Church donated by Duke Orso, the ruler of the city, and the so-called "Sacello" - a chapel erected by the Saint Leo in the 4th century. In this chapel for a long time kept the relics of the Saint, while, on the orders of Henry II was not taken to Germany, where he was completely lost.

Here, in Piazza Dante, rises the Cathedral of San Leo, built in the Lombardo-Romanesque style. At the Cathedral there is no facade, as it stands on the edge of the cliff, and to get inside through a side door, surmounted by busts of saints Leo and Valentina. In the presbytery of the Cathedral is a huge crucifix - a copy of which the count of Montefeltro gave the Church in 1205, the year.

A few meters from the Cathedral is the guard tower of the 12th century, constructed of Sandstone and is remarkable in that it has a square shape and the inside of the circle. In the tower the bell 14-hoveka.

Among the secular buildings of San Leo is worth mentioning the Palazzo Medici, the construction of which was started under the Della Rovere and continue with the Medici in the early 16th century, after the city fell under the power of Florence. Today the Palazzo has opened a Museum of sacred art San Leo, artifacts which date back to the 8th - 18th centuries. One of the most interesting exhibits of the Museum are three richly decorated arches that were part of the facade of a medieval Cathedral.

A little away stands the Palazzo Della Rovere of the 17th century - a beautiful building with elegant facade of the 16th century. Also worth seeing is Palazzo dei Conti di Nardini, which is believed dates back to the 13th century.