/ / The sanctuary of Monte D Accordi: photos, description (Monte D Accoddi)

The sanctuary of Monte D Accordi: photos, description (Monte D Accoddi)

Sardinian ziggurat, also known as the Sanctuary of Monte D Accadde is an ancient megalithic monument, which was discovered in Sardinia in 1954 near the city of Sassari. The name of the ziggurat he received for his form of a multi-stage tower.

According to archeologists this unique across the Mediterranean region, the monument was constructed about 5.5 thousand years ago, representatives of culture, Ozieri, which had close ties with Minoan Crete and the Eastern Mediterranean. He then repeatedly rebuilt and partially reconstructed. The most recent renovation date back to 2600-2400 BC - the heyday of culture Amealco-Perigosa.

Initially in this area there were settlements of culture, Ozieri, basically it was a simple square house. In addition, there was a necropolis, consisting of underground tombs, and a sanctuary with a menhir stone slabs for the performance of sacrifice and stone balls. Some scientists suggest that the balls symbolized the Sun and the moon. Later was built the first wide platform in the form of a truncated pyramid with a height of about 5 meters and a base area of 27Ñ…27 meters. It placed on the area of 12,5x7,2 metres, painted in ocher and so called "red temple". Probably in the beginning of the 3rd Millennium BC was a huge fire, whose traces are still visible today and which has forced local residents to leave this place. A few hundred years the temple was destroyed and covered with earth and stones, so formed the second platform also having the shape of a truncated pyramid with a height of about 10 meters and a base area of 36Ñ…29 meters. The General form of the building resembles the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, established around the same time.

For some time the sanctuary of Monte D Accordi remained an important religious center, but in the bronze age, it once again fell into disrepair and was abandoned. Already in 1800 BC, the structure was destroyed and served as a place for burials. During the Second World war the upper part of the temple was seriously damaged, because in these places paved the trench for the installation of air battery. Fortunately, soon after the war began a large-scale archaeological excavations: the first took place from 1954 to 1958, and later from 1979 to 1990. As a result of these works Sardinian ziggurat has been partially restored and now it is an important tourist attraction of the island.