/ / Selinunte: photos, description (Selinunte)

Selinunte: photos, description (Selinunte)

Selinunte is an ancient city founded by Greeks in the year 628 BC, in the province of Trapani on the southern coast of Sicily. Today, in its place lies the village of Marinella. The city's name comes from the Greek name of the celery, which grew in abundance in its vicinity. The image of this plant can be found on coins of the Hellenistic period.

Once Selinunte, located in a part of Sicily, overlooking a sea route to the African shore, was of strategic importance, because the Greeks and Romans constantly fought wars with Carthage, located on the site of today's Tunisia. According to the excavations the city had two artificial harbors, one of which - Mazara was fortified and served as a warehouse for goods. In the centre of Selinunte Acropolis was walled. Here you can see the numerous temples, sumptuous buildings and a variety of sculptures - in its aesthetic development in the city is not inferior to the largest Metropolitan areas of Greece. This is also a work of art that many are found today during excavations.

First time Selinunte was destroyed in 408 BC, and then in 249 BC Finally, in our time - 827 year it was finally destroyed by the Saracens. Today, the site of the once-thriving city can only be seen the ruins of three ancient temples located on top of a small hill, which from the West is limited to a swampy valley. All the temples were built in the Doric style. From them preserved grounds and numerous fragments of columns and other architectural fragments enough to restore a General view of all three churches. The biggest of them was 70 meters long and 25 meters wide and was surrounded by 24 columns.

Outside the city walls of Selinunte you can see traces of two other large buildings, built of stone, the purpose of which is still not installed. There are the ruins of three temples, much larger in size than the above. The most Northern of them had 25 columns, 110 meters long and 55 meters wide. It was probably one of the greatest temples of antiquity. Intact preserved only three columns, but around scattered many fragments of various architectural fragments that form one of the most impressive ruins in the world. Two other temple are also destroyed. The South - the so-called Temple of Hera was partially restored in the 20th century.