/ / Staniscia mountains: photos, description (Monti Sicani)

Staniscia mountains: photos, description (Monti Sicani)

Staniscia mountains is a mountain chain in Central and southern Sicily, stretching between Palermo and Agrigento. The same name - Monty Sicani wears several settlements located in this area.

Staniscia mountains are composed of clay and Sandstone, which for many hundreds of years is used as pasture, and directly mountainous areas, towering 900 meters above sea level, represent limestone rocks, formed in the Mesozoic era. The highest peaks Sickan - Rocca Busambra (1613 metres) and the Monte Cammarata (over 1500 meters).

Someone can say that some of the mountains and mountain ranges of Sicily is much more scenic than others. For example, Etna is the highest peak of the island and the largest active volcano in Europe. You may recall sharp and forested peaks of the Nebrodi, jagged peaks of the Madonie and Belorechenskie mountains, stretching from Catania to Messina between Etna and the Ionian coast. Staniscia same mountains, along with a Quiet, usually stay away from the attention of tourists. However, these mythical peaks deserve a closer look - according to ancient legend, it is here unfolded the legend of Icarus and Daedalus.

Limited Ficuzza to the North, Caltanissetta in the East, Salemi in the West and Agrigento to the South, Staniscia mountains are closely connected with the ancient people shikanov, the first inhabitants of Sicily. When the island came the Phoenicians and the Greeks, sica already inhabit this small area in its southern part.

The highest peaks of Sickan, as mentioned above, Rocca busambra and the Monte Cammarata. The latter seems to be slightly higher due to the surrounding valleys. Both peaks until the end of February can be snow. Within the mountain range runs several streams, of which the most famous is the Platani, the ancient Greeks called it Galicos. In those days it was navigable and does not dry up even in the hottest summer months.

With the exception of the slopes of the highest peaks and several protected areas, Sica can not be called a forest, although in the era of Ancient Greece, here grew vast forests. The process of deforestation has taken a record time, perhaps only a few dozen years. In the 19th century it was one of the main areas for the extraction of sulfur in Sicily. The miners drilled limestone rocks to extract the precious metal, and in some places this has led to the complete destruction of landscapes, destruction of natural ecosystems.

A large part Stanisci mountains have long been cultivated by man for agricultural purposes. When the Romans called Sicily the granary of their expanding Empire, they spoke primarily about the territory Sickan. The first permanent town was established here during the rule of the Arabs: from the ports of Agrigento and Sciacca is easy to reach Tunisia, the outlines of which are visible in good weather from the high coastal hills. In the 13th century on the territory Stanisci mountains began to spread feudalism, mercilessly exploited the local population. Industry for the extraction of sulfur, in the mines where slave conditions employed very young boys, - the clearest manifestation of this process.

It is widely believed that the famous mafia first appeared in this part of Sicily, but not in response to feudal oppression, but because the rich landowners who lived on his estates, entrusted the management of their vast estates the hated "gabelloti", brutal and corrupt overseers, prone to theft and murder. Until 1812, the buyers of land in Stanah could receive the honorary title of so many gabelloti steel barons in a matter of two decades. Anywhere else these upstarts didn't despise as much as in Sakanah.

Between 1890 and 1925 overcrowded city Stanisci mountains become the main "supplier" of immigrants. Today the province of Agrigento and Caltanissetta are considered the poorest in Italy. Nevertheless, this region has a special charm and preserves its traditions.