/ / The Cathedral of Santa Maria e San Donato: pictures, description Basilica di Santa Maria e San Donato)

The Cathedral of Santa Maria e San Donato: pictures, description Basilica di Santa Maria e San Donato)

The Cathedral of Santa Maria e San Donato, built in Veneto-Byzantine style in the 7th century, stands proudly on the main square of the island of Murano in Venice. Originally a luxurious Basilica was consecrated in honor of the blessed virgin Mary. Unfortunately, the original building of the temple has not survived to the present day, - the Cathedral which we see today was built in the 12th century and in subsequent centuries was rebuilt several times. In the same century the Cathedral got a second name - Saint Donatus of Arezzo, Bishop of the 4th century, whose remains were brought here from Cephalonia in 1125, the year. Prior to this momentous event, the Cathedral and the adjoining Church of San Stefano for many years challenged status parish Church, while the Doge Domenico Michele did not put an end to strife, passing the Basilica of the relics of the Saint and thus confirming its superiority.

Perhaps the most famous landmark Basilica of Santa Maria e San Donato is its mosaic floor, laid in the 12th century, still attract the attention of tourists with floral designs and figures of mythical animals, made in the Byzantine style. In the marble sarcophagus of the relics of Saint Donatus of Arezzo, and behind the altar, four huge rib bones with a length of over a meter each - according to legend, they belong to the victim of the Holy dragon. Scientists believe that the bones of some extinct mammal of the Pleistocene epoch.

The Basilica of Santa Maria e San Donato and the bell tower are built of dark red brick without lining. The bell tower stands slightly apart from the Church. The main entrance to the temple faces West, while the most impressive facade with colonnades on the East side facing the canal. Today, the Cathedral on the island of Murano is one of the oldest on the territory of the Venetian lagoon.