/ / The walls of Aurelian: photos, description (Mura aureliane)

The walls of Aurelian: photos, description (Mura aureliane)

The walls of Aurelian - line of the city walls in Rome, built between 271 and 275 ad during the reign of emperors Aurelian and the Sample. Walls surrounded all seven hills of Rome, as well as the field of Mars and the Trastevere district on the right Bank of the Tiber. The total length of the walls is 19 km, and the area located inside of them, 13.7 sq. km the Walls were built of brick-faced concrete with a thickness of 3.5 m and a height of 8 m, and every 29,6 m is a square tower. In the 5th century during the reconstruction of the height of the walls was doubled and reached 16 m. in Total to the 6th century walls of Aurelian consisted of 383 towers, 7 020 walls with embrasures, 18 main gates, 5 underground corridors, restrooms and 116 2 066 huge Windows.

The need for the construction of the wall of Aurelian was caused by the fact that by the 3rd century Rome "crossed" the range Sergievoj old walls, built in the late 4th century BC and For several centuries the city remained unfortified, and during the attacks of the barbarians this became particularly obvious. The decision of Aurelian on the construction of new walls was a response to the barbarian invasion of 270-year - new design had to defend Rome. And the building itself was perhaps not the most ambitious project, which took place in the city at the time. Surprisingly at the same time that the walls were built in such a short period - 5 years. However, Aurelian did not see the completion of his plans - he died. To save money and speed the construction of walls in them "included" already existing buildings such as the Amphitheatre Castrense, military camp Castra Pretoria, Pyramid of Cestius, and even part of the aqueduct Aqua Claudia. Territory outside the walls was cleared, also built outposts.

I wonder what the feasibility of the construction of the walls of Aurelian is highly questionable, since at that time the Roman garrison consisted of only about 25 thousand people - too few to protect this design. But it was justified in the face of the frequent invasions of barbarians, who were not able to withstand long sieges, but rather attacks.

In the 6th century Totila, king of the Ostrogoths, wanted to destroy the walls of Aurelian, but he succeeded only partially in the third. The walls remained the main protection for Rome until 1870, when the Bersaglieri, the Italian hands of the Royal army struck them in the gap in the area of Porta Pia and captured Rome. Today the walls of Aurelian are in good condition. At Porta San Sebastiano opened the Museum "Museo delle Mura", where you can learn the history of the construction of the walls. The best preserved parts are situated between the Muro Torto (Villa Borghese) to Corso d'italia and Castro Pretorio; from Porta San Giovanni to the Port Ardeatina and Ostiense from the Port to the Tiber.