/ / Su Nuraxi: photos, description (Su Nuraxi)

Su Nuraxi: photos, description (Su Nuraxi)

Su Nuraxi, also known as su Nuraxi di Barumini, the largest Nuragic monument of Sardinia, located near the town of Barumini and since 1997 included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO. In the Sardinian dialect "su Nuraxi" simply means "the Nuraghe" is a megalithic type of towers spread across the island from the end of the 2nd Millennium BC.

The main element of the complex is a three-story tower-Nuraghe with a height of 18.6 meters, built of basalt blocks between 17th and 13th centuries BC In the bronze age around her was erected four towers, connected by a stone wall with a platform at the top (not extant). All the towers went out of the courtyard, equipped with a well.

Scientists do not agree that the Nuraghi were used only for military purposes: it is believed that these megalithic structures could perform the functions of strength, refuge, and some semblance of a Parliament, where was made a General solution, and even the temple in which dwelt the head of the settlement.

Near the Central tower of su Nuraxi in the mid-20th century archaeologist Giovanni Lilliu were found the ruins of a fortified settlement, consisting of about 50 houses, which were built of massive boulders with drywall and had a conical wooden roof. Initially, these houses were one room, but later internal space to divide into sectors. Found among the buildings of one of the most important is the cabin, intended for meetings of local residents, which were the symbols of worship of a certain deity.

In the 7th century BC, the Central tower fell into disrepair, and then, in the era of domination by the Carthaginians, it was restored, and when the Romans again deserted. Only in 1950 began a large-scale archaeological excavations under the guidance of Giovanni Lilliu, which lasted seven years. It was then found utensils, weapons, utensils, and decorations. In 1997, UNESCO recognized the importance of su Nuraxi, including it in the list of world Heritage sites. In addition, this position plays a key role in the study of the history of Sardinian civilization, as was done here, the findings formed the basis of the chronology of prehistory of Sardinia.