/ / Secret Museum: photos, description (Gabinetto Segreto)

Secret Museum: photos, description (Gabinetto Segreto)

Secret Museum of Naples, also known as a Secret study takes several individual galleries of the National archaeological Museum and introduces the erotic art of ancient Pompei and Herculaneum. Similar secret rooms there are in the British Museum - they are known as "Secretum". The name of the "Cabinet" refers to the "Cabinets of curiosities" - collections of various objects intended for contemplation and study.

In the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum was discovered numerous frescoes with erotic scenes, images of God of fertility and male genitalia Priapus, sexually suggestive, symbols and labels, and household items, which had erotic overtones, for example, oil lamps phallic shape. This is not surprising because in the ancient world understanding of sexuality is very different from today, and ideas about what should be considered obscene, began to develop only in the 18th century. Excavations in Pompeii were performed in the age of Enlightenment, and some discovered artifacts that was deemed obscene and unsuitable for the public, were identified as pornographic and in 1821, the year locked away in a Secret Museum. Moreover, in 1849, the year the door to the Museum was bricked. Themselves on Pompeii erotic frescoes were constructed with special metal lockers, are revealed only to men and only for an additional fee. Such practices existed in the 1960-ies. Himself in the Secret Museum was accessible only to the elite. However, this approach has not been all it was believed that the concealment of "obscene" artifacts like crosses out certain pages of history, forcing people to be ashamed of his past. For centuries, the Secret Museum closed, opened, re-closed and becomes available again to the public. Only in 2000-m to year it was finally opened to all comers, and in 2005-m to year of collection were placed in separate rooms of the National archaeological Museum of Naples.