/ / Torre del Greco: photo description (Torre del Greco)

Torre del Greco: photo description (Torre del Greco)

Torre del Greco - largest city in the province of Naples in the Italian region of Campania with a population of about 88 thousand people. Interestingly, residents of the city sometimes called "corallini" because of the huge amounts of coral in coastal waters. Sam Torre del Greco since the 17th century was a major jewelry manufacturer of coral and cameo brooches.

Historians believe that in Roman times, Torre del Greco was a suburb of Herculaneum, indirect acknowledgement to that can serve found here the fragments of the aristocratic villas. After the catastrophic eruption of Vesuvius in 79-m to year, when they were destroyed many settlements in the district, in the place Torre was founded two villages - Sora, Calistro. In 535, the year the Byzantine General Belisari forced those villages to move to Naples, and in the 8th century appears the first mention of the settlement Turris Octava, which was probably named for the coastal watchtowers. In 880, the year the town of Naples with the permission of the Bishop Atanasie was inhabited by the Saracens. Modern as its name - Torre del Greco - appeared in 1015, the year. According to one version, it refers to the Greek hermit, who has found refuge in one of the coastal towers.

In the Middle ages, Torre del Greco was part of the Kingdom of Naples, until king Alfonso V of Aragon didn't give it the property of the family of Carafa. In 1631, the year the town again suffered from the eruption of Vesuvius, but soon began its rise as a Maritime trading port and fishing center. It then began to develop the mining of corals and manufacturing products from them. In 1794, the year the historic centre of Torre del Greco was buried under 10-foot layer of lava.

During the French domination of Torre del Greco was the third largest city of the Kingdom of Naples after Naples and Foggia. On its outskirts since the 16th century saw the construction of the summer residence of wealthy citizens and visitors from other parts of Italy. Among the most luxurious residences was restored in Matarazzo, in 1970, the year turned into a dance school. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Torre del Greco was a popular summer resort for wealthy Italians, who appreciated the local sandy beaches, picturesque rural landscapes, blooming vineyards and the proximity to Vesuvius. It is this closeness made the city a starting point for climbing the mountain, what also contributed to the construction of the funicular which would take tourists from downtown to the crater.

During the Second World war Torre del Greco suffered greatly from allied bombing, and after the war the tourist industry began to gradually decline. Fell into disrepair and the funicular. In addition, since the 1950s, urbanization, urban development and population growth has deprived Torre del Greco cosy rural flavor, and most of the tourists went to the nearby Sorrento and the Amalfi coast. About the former glory of the city as a tourist resort a little reminiscent of that. Among its attractions include the monastery Zoccolanti with cloister frescoed parish Church of Santa Croce with its Baroque bell tower, Church of San Michele, the 17th-century Villa delle Ginestra, where the poet Giacomo Leopardi, the coral Museum and the ruins of an ancient Roman Villa Sora 1st century.