/ / Torcello: photos, description (Torcello)

Torcello: photos, description (Torcello)

Torcello is now a small and sparsely populated island in the North Venetian lagoon, which, however, until the 11th century was the largest settlement in the County. The first settlement was founded in the mid-5th century by the inhabitants of the city of Altino, who fled from the invasion of the Huns. In the 7th century, there appeared a Bishop, and was founded the Church to preserve the relics of great Martyr of Iliodor, the current protector of the island. Then begins trading with Constantinople, which led to the present economic boom Torcello. In the 10th century the island was inhabited by about 10 thousand inhabitants, which at times exceeded the population of Venice. Due to the presence of saline wetlands, the local saltworks became the basis of the economy of Torcello and contributed to the transformation of the island into an important port, from where they conducted trade with Byzantium. But the heyday did not last long - already in the 12th century the harbour Torcello sailele and turned into a swamp, which became known as "Laguna Morta" - dead lagoon. Shipping is gone, trade is stalled, and local residents moved to Venice and to Murano. Houses, twelve churches and sixteen clouatre was soon demolished for the construction of Venetian palaces, from the mighty Torcello has not disappeared. Today this tiny island is home to only about 60 people involved in fishing.

From the medieval city to our days there were only four buildings, attracting the attention of tourists. These two small Palazzo of the 14th century Palazzo del Archivio and the Palazzo del Consiglio, which are now stored in the Museum's collection, the Romanesque Church of Santa Fosca, a 12th-century portico in the form of a Greek cross and Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, erected in the middle of the 7th century and rebuilt in the 11th century. The Cathedral is notable for the baptistery of the 11th century and the cycle of Byzantine mosaics, executed in the 12th century and considered the best in Northern Italy. Another attraction of Torcello is an ancient stone chair, known as Attila's Throne - in fact, it has no relation to the mighty king of the Huns, and, most likely, belonged to the local Bishop or of the Podesta. Finally, do not overlook the tourists and the so-called Devil's bridge - Ponte del Diavolo.