/ / Gorge Furlo: photos, description (Riserva Naturale Statale Gola del Furlo)

Gorge Furlo: photos, description (Riserva Naturale Statale Gola del Furlo)

The gorge of Furlo is located on the ancient Roman road via Flaminia in the Marche region of Central Italy. This road once connected the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian seas. The valley itself, formed by the waters of the river Candigliano, a tributary of the Metauro, between the mountains Pietralata (889 m) and Paganucci (976 m), from 2001 was included in the territory of the homonymous natural reserve.

By order of the Roman Emperor Vespasian was here pierced the tunnel to facilitate passage on the via Flaminia in the narrowest part of the gorge. Here, by the way, there was its name - the Latin word "foruum" means "little hole." Near the Furlo is another similar but smaller passage made at the time of the Etruscans.

The Furlo tunnel has 38.3 meters in length and 5.95 meters in height. During the Gothic wars in the 6th century ostrogothic king Totila ordered to strengthen the passage, but his troops were ousted by the Roman General Belisarius. Between 570 and 578, the year the passage was captured by the Lombards, who destroyed the fortifications.

In 1930-m to year on the slopes of mount Pietralata was carved the profile of the Italian ruler Benito Mussolini, who later, during the Second World war, destroyed the guerrillas. And in 1980-ies of the automobile traffic in the Furlo gorge was blocked by the construction of two high-speed tunnels.

With regard to the reserve "GOLA di Furlo", located in the province of Pesaro is 35 km from Fano, is a Paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and fans of outdoor activities. On its territory preserved traces of the Etruscans and Romans - the massive defensive walls, built of stone and tunnels. The landscape of this reserve is quite impressive and picturesque. The slopes of the mountains Pietralata and Paganucci like "licked" the waters of the river, Cantillano, towering hundreds of meters above a small lake with greenish water and the gorge of Furlo, creating one of the most attractive landscapes of Central Italy. Near the above-mentioned tunnel is the ancient Abbey of San Vincenzo, also known as Peter Pertusa, it was built in the 9th century. A little further is a more modern temple, Pelingo, built in 1820, the year.

On the reserve territory there are two settlements, through which all the trails. One of them is Aqualonia, a small town of 4 thousand inhabitants, famous for its truffles - the most valuable in Italy. They are extracted here since time immemorial - to date, about 2/3 of all the truffles produced in Italy accounts for Aqualani. In addition, the city and its vicinity worth seeing is the so-called fortress of Cantillana - long viaduct Dating back to the era of Ancient Rome, the ruins of the ancient road via Flaminia and the same tunnel, built by the Emperor Vespasian in 76 ad

The second interesting city of Fossombrone. It lies between the plain and the hills in the valley of the river Metauro. On top of the hill of Sant Ildebrando preserved ruins of the fortress Malatesta, and immediately under them is the Cittadella, the heart of the modern city with its magnificent ancient palaces, churches, bell towers and a huge Corte Alta dei Montefeltro.

Throughout the territory of the reserve "GOLA di Furlo" a wide variety of trails, introducing the history, culture and natural wealth of these places. During the trip you can also visit the nearby town of Apecchio, cagli, Cantiano and Piobbico, preserving the intimate atmosphere of the past.