/ / Fano: photo description (Fano)

Fano: photo description (Fano)

Fano is a popular seaside resort on the Adriatic coast of Italy, the third largest city in the Marche region after Ancona and Pesaro. According to the last census, there are about 65 thousand people.

Fano stands on the very spot where the ancient Flaminia way out to the Adriatic sea. In Roman times the city was known as Fanum fortunae the Temple of Fortune. Here lived retired soldiers of the Roman Empire. By order of the Emperor Octavian Augustus in Fano was built defensive walls, some of which have survived to the present day, and a triple arch, also surviving.

After the attack of the Ostrogoths in the first half of the 6th century Fano became part of the Byzantine Empire and then became part of the Exarchate of Ravenna as the center of Marine Paygrade, which also consisted of Rimini, Pesaro, Senigallia and Ancona. In the 15th century in the city of the Malatesta rule the family, one of whose representatives, Sigismondo Pandolfo - built a fortress here. Then Fano became part of the Papal States. It was on the initiative of Pope Pius V in the 17th century was built the Harbor, which during the First World war was subjected to massive bombing. Still more terrible destruction brought the Second World is then destroyed all the ancient towers and bell towers of Fano.

Today, the surviving monuments of history and architecture of Fano you can see, for example, Rocca Malatestiana, the oldest parts of which belong sushestvovala here before the building of Ancient Rome, or the Palace of the Corte Malatestiana, built in the second half of the 14th century. The latter is a huge room with vaulted ceilings, the former is probably part of the first residence of the Malatesta family, and a small tower. From the original building have been preserved Lancet Windows in the Gothic style, a staircase and a covered gallery. The court with the help of modern bridge connected with another Palace of Fano, Palazzo del podestà is a 13th-century, inside which now houses the archaeological Museum and art gallery. Among the religious buildings stand out Fano Cathedral, a 12th-century Church of San Francesco with the tomb of Pandolfo III Malatesta and his wife Paola Bianchi, Santa Maria Nuova of the 16th century with the works of the great Perugino and San Paterniano the 16th century. Outside the city in the town of Bellochi stands the Church of San Sebastiano, for the construction of which used the materials of the ancient Cathedral.