/ / Phlegraean fields: photo, description (Campi Flegrei)

Phlegraean fields: photo, description (Campi Flegrei)

Phlegraean fields is spread over an area of 100 square kilometers on the Gulf of Pozzuoli, bounded on the West by the promontory of Capo Miseno and Capo Posillipo in the Italian region of Campania. Fields lie in the area where the lava is very close to the surface of the earth, which the earth seems to "float" on it and makes a so-called bradyseism - vertical vibrations. In 1970 and 1983, the years this bradyseism occurred in the town of Pozzuoli: the historical part of the city Rione Terra, standing on a high cliff, suddenly stood up, and then slowly and unevenly dropped. The result was evacuated about 10 thousand people who are unable to return to their homes, - the territory of this district was closed to the public. In addition, bradyseism caused the lowering of the coastal area of Pozzuoli under water on depth to 10 meters - today this area has become a tourist attraction to view is possible with a special boat.

Phlegraean fields was known to the ancient Greeks, who founded a colony in the neighbouring Cooma. Kuma, by the way, was the first Greek colony on mainland Italy and gained fame through his prophetess sibyl. Proximity of Phlegraean fields is called lake Avernus, which, according to the beliefs of the ancient Romans, was the entrance to hell, the ancient resort of Bahia, in which were the villas of Julius Caesar, Nero and Hadrian, and which is now under water, the amphitheatre of Flavius, the third largest in Italy, part of the Appian way, the youngest in Europe, Monte Nuovo and the tomb of Agrippina the Elder and Scipio Africanus.

Today, the area of Phlegraean fields, one of the most important in the region from the point of view of environmental and historical-archaeological value, they are part of the regional Park. As a result of volcanic activity it was formed by striking in its beauty of landscapes, appeared the high-quality thermal springs, formed valuable building materials such as tuff and pozzolana. The local soil is extremely fertile and is famous for its vineyards and olive and citrus groves. No less diverse and the flora and fauna Flegrei fields and their unique ecosystems.

In the town of Solfatara, near Pozzuoli, you can see the crater with boiling lava and jets of escaping steam. This volcano was formed about 4 thousand years ago and is characterized by active fumaroles, mineral water springs, hot mud sediments and regular earthquakes. Visit Solfatara in the framework of an organized tour.

Also in the Park is worth to visit the Archaeological Museum of Phlegraean fields, which from 1993 year located in the Aragonese castle Castello di Baia, built in the 15th century. The Museum houses the so-called Jesse di Baia plaster casts of Ancient Rome, made with antique bronze figurines, many of which are now considered lost.