/ / Foggia: photo description (Foggia)

Foggia: photo description (Foggia)

Foggia is the administrative center of the eponymous province in the Italian region of Puglia. It is also the largest city located on the plain Tavoliere, known as the "breadbasket of Italy".

The name Foggia derives from Latin "fovea", which can be translated as "the pit" - in this case, refers to pits for storing grain. Despite the fact that the first settlements on the territory of Tavoliere appeared in Neolithic times and in Ancient Greece there existed a colony of Argos Hippius, the first documentary mention of Foggia dates back to 1000 year. According to legend, the first inhabitants of the city were peasants, who found here a plate with the image of the Madonna. In those times the territory of modern Foggia was marshy and unsuitable for life. But Robert Guiscard, who ruled the city, was able to change the situation, and it Foggia began to flourish in the economic and social relations. In the 12th century Sicilian king William II built there the Cathedral and expanded the territory of the city. And in 1223, the year by order of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in Foggia was erected the Royal Palace. However, in the 15th century the city again began to decline: it was affected by first the exorbitant taxes levied local merchants king Alfonso V of Aragon, and the earthquake that occurred in 1456, the year. Three destructive earthquakes occurred in 1534-m, 1627 and 1731-m. Latest destroyed a third of the city.

In the 19th century in Foggia was built a railway station and important public buildings. Citizens actively participated in numerous uprisings, which eventually led to the unification of Italy in 1861, the year. In 1924, the year with the construction of the Apulian aqueduct was solved a pressing problem of water shortage, and the city became one of the most important in southern Italy. However, it is a strategic location Foggia and its role in economic and political life of the region are the reason that during the Second World war, the city was repeatedly bombed. During one of the raids in August 1943, the year killed about 20 thousand civilians. In 1956-m and 2006-m years of Foggia received the Gold Medal for participation in the Second World war.

Today, agriculture remains the main sector of the economy Foggia. A few are located in the town of enterprises engaged in the food industry. Also developed handicraft production and tourism.

Among attractions in Foggia, it is worth noting the Cathedral Santa Maria de Fovea, which is closely connected with the cult of the patroness of the city of the Madonna dei Sette Veli, Palazzo Dogana, the Church Chiesa delle Croci, arch of Frederick II and the archaeological Park of Passo di Corvo.