/ / Fontana Dell'acqua Paola: photo description (Fontana Dell'acqua Paola)

Fontana Dell'acqua Paola: photo description (Fontana Dell'acqua Paola)

Fontana Dell'acqua Paola also known as Il Fontanone ("the big fountain") is located in Rome on the Gianicolo hill near the Church of San Pietro in Montorio. Built in 1610-1612, at the end of Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V and named in honor of him. At that time it was the largest fountain on the left Bank of the Tiber.

The idea of the Fontana Dell'acqua Paola, Pope Paul V was inspired by the popularity of the fountain of the Acqua Felice, built in the late 16th century by Pope Paul V. Sixtus V decided to restore the ruined aqueduct, the Aqua Traiana to provide the residents of the Janiculum hill with clean drinking water (before they were forced to take water from the polluted Tiber). The money Dad acquired the rights to a spring near lake Bracciano, which became the source of water for the aqueduct.

The fountain was designed by Giovanni Fontana, the author of the Acqua Felice, and Flaminio Ponzio. They took white marble from the ruins of the Temple of Minerva, and built the massive gates of the five arches for the reception of water. At the top of the fountain established the papal tiara and keys, above the family crest of the family Borgia (the eagle and the dragon).

Unlike the fountain of the Acqua Felice, which is abundantly decorated with statues of biblical characters, the Central theme of the Aqua Paola is water. Five powerful jets through the marble arch fill five swimming pools. In 1690 Carlo Fontana added a semi-circular pool of water that flowed over the edge of five original. Interestingly, the fountain fell in love with swimming, local residents, and in 1707 had even to issue a decree forbidding it to do. By the way, the shape of the Aqua Paola served as a model for the creation of the legendary Trevi Fountain.