/ / The fountain of the Acqua Felice: photos, description (Fontana Dell'acqua Felice)

The fountain of the Acqua Felice: photos, description (Fontana Dell'acqua Felice)

The fountain of Aqua Felice, also known as the Fountain of Moses, is one of the attractions of Rome. Located in the Quirinale district in the place where the end of the aqueduct Aqua Felice, restored by Pope Sixtus V. the Fountain was designed by the architect Domenico Fontana and built in 1585-1588.

At a time when Pope Sixtus V (born Felice Peretti) received his title in 1585, only one of the ancient Roman aqueducts that supplied the city with water, still worked - the Acqua Vergine. The inhabitants of Rome, who wanted clean drinking water, were forced to go to the single fountain near the Trevi Fountain. Sixt has made a commitment to restore the other aqueducts, including Aqua Alessandrina, which he renamed Acqua Felice after himself.

Initially on the project aqueduct architect Matteo Bartolini, but his idea failed, due to incorrect calculations of the water flow was much weaker than needed to reach the Quirinal hill. For the work come from Giovanni Fontana, who brought it to completion in 1587. The fountain was built by Domenico Fontana in the form of ancient Roman triumphal arch. It traditionally was made a memorial inscription in honor of Pope Sixtus under the image of angels holding the papal coat of arms. At each of the three arches were sculptures depicting the characters of the old Testament, and in the Central arch is a large statue of Moses, made in 1588 Leonardo Sormani and Prospero da Brescia. On the left you can see Aaron's work by Giovanni Battista della Porta and to the right of Joshua the work of Flaminio Vacca and Pietro Paolo Olivieri.

The statue of Moses at the time was criticized for its size, much larger than the size of the other statues. But the political goal was achieved - thus the Catholic Church said about how it serves the people of Rome. The appearance of the fountain also revived the district of Quirinale, which was a almost rural area, but quickly turned into a thriving urban area.