/ / The temple of Vesta in Tivoli: photo description (Tempio di Vesta)

The temple of Vesta in Tivoli: photo description (Tempio di Vesta)

The temple of Vesta is a Roman temple in Tivoli, a suburb of Rome, dated to the first century BC, Its ruins are located in the city of the Acropolis and faces the waterfalls of the river Aniene that are now in the Park of the Villa Gregoriana.

It is unknown to whom the temple was dedicated, the Hercules, the prophetess Albunea, local hero Tibornas or West, Protectress of the family hearth in Ancient Rome. Next to the ruins of the temple you can see another rectangular structure, also while it is not certain - it is often called the temple of the Sybil.

But we know the name of the Builder of the Temple of Vesta — it was a certain Lucius Gellius, whose memory is immortalized in the inscription on the architrave. The center of the temple is a round the cella (inner part of a Greek or Roman temple), which is surrounded by 10 Corinthian columns (there were 18). Inside is a door and two Windows. The frieze of the temple are decorated with carvings and bucranium (an ornament in the form of a bull's head). The building of the temple is relatively well preserved largely due to the fact that at the time it was Christianized and turned into the Church of Santa Maria della Rotonda. But in the 16th century Christian additions have almost entirely disappeared.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Vesta's Temple with all its decorations has been carefully sketched several architects — Antoine Decode, Giuseppe Vazi, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, etc., and subsequently its structure served as a model for the creation of numerous landscape parks outside of Italy. For example, in England imitation of the temple can be seen in the town of Stowe and the Royal Botanic gardens, Kew. In Northern Ireland on the model of the Temple of Vesta, the Temple was built Mussenden in Downhill. In France, the temple was inspired by Richard Mika on the creation of the Temple of Love at the Petit Trianon (a small Palace on the grounds of Versailles).

Around the Temple of Vesta in Tivoli, a Park — he was created in the first half of the 19th century by order of Pope Gregory XVI, who wanted to restore the riverbed of the Aniene after the flood of 1826, the year. Since ancient times the river made a wide loop around the city of the Acropolis and four waterfalls fell down to the plain. Today waterfalls only two.