/ / The Church of the Santissima trinità: photos, description (Il Santuario della Santissima Trinita)

The Church of the Santissima trinità: photos, description (Il Santuario della Santissima Trinita)

The Church of the Santissima trinità, also known as the montaña Spaccata, was erected in the 11th century over a cleft in the rocky cliff on the Western tip of Monte Orlando in Gaeta. According to legend, the cleft, running to the Turkish Grotto of Grotta del Turco, appeared on the day of Christ's death, when split many mountains around the world. The second name of temple - montaña Spaccata - translated from Italian and means "Split Mountain".

Along the stairs that leads into the bosom of the mountain, above a narrow rift on the right you can see the Latin couplet, but on the so-called "Hand of the Turk" in the shape of a human hand (five fingers, imprinted in the rock). According to legend, it was formed in a time when infidel Turkish sailor, not believing the story about the origin of the montaña Spaccata, leaned against the rock, which miraculously suddenly became loose and left on the wall the imprint of his hands.

In the Church of the Santissima trinità prayed numerous pontiffs among which were Pope Pius IX, bishops and saints, including Bernardino da Siena, Ignatius of Loyola, Leonardo da Porto Maurizio, Saint Paul of the cross, Gaspare del Buffalo and St. Filippo Neri. They say the last even lived in one of the caves of montaña Spaccata, where is preserved a stone slab, now known as "the Lodge of St. Philip Neri".

In 1434, the year with the top two craggy cliffs, which gave the name to the place (Split Mountain), separated a huge stone which "fell down and got stuck between two walls of the cleft. It was built a small chapel dedicated to the Crucifixion, from the site where you can admire a breathtaking view. Near the chapel is the very Bed of Philip Neri.

The current appearance of the Church of the Santissima trinità is the result of the restoration undertaken in the 19th century. To the left of the Church is the descent to the Turkish Grotto, and nearby is a Roman cistern from the Villa of Lucius Strap (the mausoleum of the last standing nearby). To the right begins an indoor corridor, the walls of which are lined with ceramics the framework you can see the stop way of the Cross. At the end of the hallway is a staircase that leads to the Central cleft. That is where the "Hand of the Turk".

Today, the Church of the Santissima trinità is the missionaries of the Pontifical Institute for foreign missions.