/ / Church of San Pietro in Montorio: photos, description (San Pietro in Montorio)

Church of San Pietro in Montorio: photos, description (San Pietro in Montorio)

San Pietro in Montorio Church in Rome notable for its Tempietto, a small commemorative Martyrii (type memorial building) built by Donato Bramante. The Church stands on the Gianicolo hill on the site of the temple of the 9th century, dedicated to St. Peter, according to legend, the Saint was crucified. In the 15th century, the ruins of the old Church were transferred to the order of imageicon, founded by the blessed Amadeus of the Portuguese, who served as Confessor to the Pope the Sixtus IV in 1472.

San Pietro in Montorio, decorated with works of art of outstanding masters of the 16th and 17th centuries. In the first chapel on the right contains paintings by Sebastiano del Piombo, "Flagellation" and "Transfiguration". The second chapel is notable for the fresco of Niccolo Circignani, with frescoes of the school of Pinturicchio, and an allegorical depiction Siviglia, attributed to brush Baldassarre, Peruzzi. One chapel is decorated with a ceiling fresco by Giorgio Vasari. In this chapel, according to legend, buried Beatrice cenci, executed in 1599 for the murder of a famous father and later Percy Bysshe Shelley (the tragedy of the "cenci"). The ceiling of the fifth chapel attracts the attention of another fresco by Vasari. Finally, in the last chapel on the left holds the painting "the Baptism of Christ by Daniele da Volterra and the frescoes by Giulio Mazzoni. Also pay attention to the Raimondi chapel, designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini and the chapel of the Pieta, painted by Dirk van babyurenom.

At the main altar, there are two graves - Hugh, Baron of Dungannon, eldest son of the Earl of Tyrone (Ireland) and Rory O'donnell and his brother Kalbarri. All three fled from Ireland in 1607 and soon died from malaria. The graves of Irish covered marble slabs with inscriptions and decorations.

Special mention deserves the so-called Tempietto is a small memorial structure the work of Donato Bramante, located in the courtyard of the Church of San Pietro in Montorio. Tempietto, considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture of the Renaissance. After spending a few years in Milan, Bramante moved to Rome, where he was received by cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, future Pope Julius II. In Rome, the architect took up the study of ancient monuments which he drew inspiration. So, the Temple of Vesta in Tivoli later served as a model for the Tempietto.