/ / The Church of San Sebastiano: photos, description Chiesa di San Sebastiano)

The Church of San Sebastiano: photos, description Chiesa di San Sebastiano)

San Sebastiano is the Church of the early Renaissance in Mantua. The construction of the temple began in 1460, the year the outstanding architect of Northern Italy Leon Battista Alberti, but in the middle of the 1470-ies it was suspended, and Alberti moved away from project management. In result a little that has survived from the original ideas of the author, except the General plan of the Church - one of the earliest and most remarkable examples of churches that have a centered layout, the Renaissance.

The Church of San Sebastiano is in the form of a Greek cross with three apses identical under a vaulted ceiling without any separation of the internal space. On the lower level is a crypt, which was originally built as a mausoleum for members of the family of Gonzaga.

Interestingly, on the facade of San Sebastiano there is no column that marks a milestone in the work of Alberti, who had previously considered the column almost the main ornament of the building. The facade is remarkable for the porch, walking around the perimeter of the Church.

The two outer staircases were added to the Church in the 20th century. The photos dated to 1925 years, see only one staircase leading to the loggia of the 15th century. It is known that the original plan for Alberti included the construction of several stairs along the entire length of the facade, leading to five inputs inside (three of them were later turned into balconies, which, however, do not perform their functions).

The most unexpected motif of the facade is a window in the centre of the architrave, which, of course, had to be topped by an arch. This motif Alberti borrowed from ancient Roman triumphal arch in the French orange.