/ / The Church of Santa Sofia: photo description (Parrocchia di Santa Sofia)

The Church of Santa Sofia: photo description (Parrocchia di Santa Sofia)

Santa Sofia's oldest Church, Padua. It was built in the 10th century, presumably on the site of the ancient mithreum - temple of the cult of Mithras. The Romanesque facade of the building was created from 1106 to 1127 th years, today it is slightly tilted due to subsidence of the soil. The interior of the Church is quite poor.

Legend has it that the founder of the Church of Santa Sophia was the Holy Prosdoce, who erected it on the ruins of the pagan temple of Apollo. The first document that mentions the Church, dated February 1123, the year. Around the Church was made many archaeological finds from the 2nd - 4th centuries.

The first was built the apse around the 9th century, then, between 1070 and 1080 m over the years has begun the construction of the main building, which was completed in 1106, the year. The second phase of construction lasted until 1170, the year. Around the 14th century the Church was decorated to conform to the canons of carrying out the liturgical ceremonies. Here you can see the first independent work of 17-year-old Andrea Mantegna altarpiece depicting the Madonna and child.

In the middle of the 20th century in the Church of Santa Sofia has carried out extensive restoration work aimed at returning the building to original appearance. Unfortunately, in the course of these works were destroyed many of the traces of Baroque and mannerism. Until 1957, the year the walls of the Church were stored the incorruptible body of the blessed Beatrice I of este (from 1578, the year) and Elena Anselmino.

The facade of the Church of Santa Sofia is notable niches, blind arches and hanging arches. In some of the niches are traces of frescoes of the 14th century. Venetian window on top dates from the 20th century, but a huge round hole in the dome - a legacy of the century 14th. The side chapels are decorated with Romanesque and Gothic styles.

The bell tower of the Church, designed in Romanesque style, dates back to 1296, the year - she is far from the apse. Its impressive interior is the result of restoration work of the mid-20th century. On the walls you can see frescoes of the 13-14-th centuries the school of Giotto.