/ / Cividale del Friuli: photo description (Cividale del Friuli)

Cividale del Friuli: photo description (Cividale del Friuli)

Cividale del Friuli, which lie about 70 km from Lignano on the Adriatic coast of Italy, was founded between 56 and 50 BC, at the initiative of Julius Caesar. Then he was called the Forum of Lulii - it was from him the name the entire region Friuli. Today you can see ruins of walls that were built by the ancient Romans.

In the 5th century BC, after the destruction by the Huns cities Lolium Carnicom and Aquileia, the population of the Forum of Lulie grew, and the city became an important strategic post and an Episcopal pulpit. In the second half of the 6th century it became the main city of the first Lombard Duchy in Italy - the Duchy of Friuli. And then the city got its current name - Civitas, which meant "the best kind".

Ravaged by the Avars in 610, the year, Cividale remained an important military and political center even in the days of the Venetian Republic, and from the 12th century it became a free city and a busy shopping centre - the largest in the entire region Friuli. In 1353, the year the Emperor Charles IV discovered here University. At the end of the 18th century peace Treaty between Napoleon and Austria, Cividale went to the Hapsburg and only in 1866, the year was annexed to Italy.

Traces of many historical events, especially during the reign of the Lombards, preserved in the town of Cividale and shows them with pride. If you start your tour of the city with Cathedral square, you can reach the Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta, built in the 15th to 18th centuries in the Venetian Gothic style. Inside it is kept a silver image saltery Pellegrino II, one of the masterpieces of Italian medieval jewelry.

Near the Cathedral there is the Christian Museum which among other exhibits you can see the baptistery of Callisto and the altar of Ratchis, outstanding works of art of the era of the Lombards. The baptistery is the name of the Patriarch Callisto - it represents an octagonal baptismal font with columns that support a delicately decorated floral arch. The altar of Ratchis, dedicated to the eponymous king of the Lombard, is a richly decorated rectangular stone.

In Piazza Duomo is the Palazzo dei Provveditori, designed by the great Palladio - now it hosts the national archaeological Museum of Cividale del Friuli, which stores the artifacts of the Lombards, and important medieval manuscripts. And the area lies the ancient city of the Lombards: in front of the Temple of the Lombards, erected in the 8th century, offers a beautiful view of the river Natisone. In the temple you can still see priceless works of art. Interesting and the building of the temple, its original purpose, the original structure and the names of the architects still remain unknown. Especially attract the attention of stucco on the main portal and frescoes.

Another mystery of Cividale are the Celtic catacombs, located near the Church of the Lombards. They consist of several underground rooms carved into the rock with primitive tools. Steep stairs lead to the Central hall, which runs three of the corridor. In walls broken numerous niches and benches, but the thing that attracts the attention of three raw mask. Their purpose shrouded in mystery.

And, of course, speaking of Cividale, not to mention the most intriguing legend of this city - about the so-called Devil's bridge over the river Natisone. Legend has it that this huge bridge was built by the devil himself in exchange for the soul of the first past it. He was assisted in this by his mother who in her apron brought a large stone and threw it in the middle of the river, between the bridge spans. However, the inhabitants of Cividale were cunning of the devil, and the first was taken on the bridge of the dog - because they fulfilled the condition, and the devil had to be content with the soul of an animal.