/ / Città di Castello: photo description (Citta di Castello)

Città di Castello: photo description (Citta di Castello)

Città di Castello, a picturesque town in the province of Perugia in the Northern part of the Italian region of Umbria. It stands on the slopes of the Apennines in the floodplain of the Tiber river 56 km North of Perugia.

The city was founded by the tribes Umbro. The Romans called it just nearby Tiberium - Tifernum on the Tiber. Near it the Roman politician and writer Pliny the Younger built his Villa, which can be seen today in the town of Colle Plinio - preserved walls, mosaic floors and marble finishes. 550 year just nearby, was destroyed during the ostrogothic campaign by order of the king Totila. Later the town was rebuilt around the castle by the Bishop of Floridus and was called Castrum Felicitatis, and later - Civitas Castelli. In 752 at the behest of the Frankish king Pepin the Short he moved under the control of the Holy see, despite the fact that control of the city was disputed by Perugia and Florence. Subsequently, the city repeatedly changed rulers until the 15th century it is not reigned Niccolo Vitelli, who supported Florence and Milan. Then the architect Antonio da Sangallo the Younger built for the Vitelli family a magnificent Palace.

Today città di Castello with the industrial enterprises, roads and highways have greatly expanded their borders to the North the town comes to San Giustino. Produces textiles, ceramics, furniture, and equipment for agriculture.

A large part of the city's buildings built of brick, since the local Sandstone is very quickly destroyed. Among the main attractions of città di Castello can be called the medieval Palazzo Comunale with its high tower, the Torre Comunale and the Pinacoteca Museum, which contains works of art of the Renaissance and famous for its scenery, designed by Giorgio Vasari.

Substantially rebuilt in the 18th century, the Cathedral is notable for the unfinished facade of the 17th century, the silver altar of the 12th century and the Bishop's staff, which is about 600 years. Inside you can see the work of Niccolo Circignani, Rosso Fiorentino and Raffaellino del Colle. Bell tower of the Cathedral built in the 13th century in the Romanesque style. And in the Museum of the Cathedral contains a silver spoons and plates with Christian motifs, made in the 2nd and 5th centuries, silver altarpiece donated by Pope Celestino V in the 12th century and the image of the "Madonna," a work by Pinturicchio and the "Angels" painted by Giulio Romano.

In the Palazzo Albertini opened a Museum dedicated to the life and work of the local sculptor and artist Alberto Burri. It is also worth noting that città di Castello is the hometown of the world-famous Italian actress Monica Bellucci is here still living with her extended family.