/ / The Abbey of Santa Maria di Lucedio: photos, description Abbazia di Santa Maria di Lucedio)

The Abbey of Santa Maria di Lucedio: photos, description Abbazia di Santa Maria di Lucedio)

The Abbey of Santa Maria di Lucedio - the former Cistercian monastery of the 12th century near the town of Trino in the province of Vercelli, Piedmont. Played an important role in the development of rice production in the region.

The Abbey was founded in 1124, the year when Ranieri I, Marquis, Marquess of Montferrat, has acquired an extensive plot of land known as Laches, from agricultural development in the future of which depended the prosperity of Lucedio. Built the Abbey was one of the first Cistercian monasteries in Italy, and in the next eighty years, this monastic order founded their temples in many other cities of the country. In 1202, the year a local Abbot, Peter II, accompanied the Marquis Boniface, grandson of Ranieri, Marquess of Montferrat, in the infamous Fourth crusade. After the fall of Constantinople, Boniface hoped to get the title of the first Emperor of a new Latin Empire, and the Abbot Peter even voted for him, but the crown went to Baldwin I of Flanders, who supported the Venetians.

Abbey, Lucedio owes its agricultural success to the introduction of a system of farming that allowed to develop a variety of production, primarily rice cultivation in this area with high humidity and wet soils. Today Vercelli is one of the most important rice-growing regions of Italy.

As for the Abbey, then over time among the people began to spread rumors that many of the young novices were subjected to physical violence and humiliation by the monks. In 1457, the year the Pope Calixte III put the Abbey under special control, and it began to lose prestige and autonomy. In 1784, the year the Abbey was sekuljarizatsii, and the remaining monks were transferred to the Jesuit College in Castelnuovo, Scrivia. The building and land passed from hand to hand for decades, they owned even Napoleon, which exchanged the Abbey on a large number of works of art, now preserved in the Louvre. Today, the Abbey, Lucedio is part of the rice farm. The building was considerably altered in the 18th century and all that remains of the original buildings, is a wonderful bell tower of the 12th century.