/ / The Abbey of Santa Maria del Monte in Cesena: photo, description Abbazia di Santa Maria del Monte)

The Abbey of Santa Maria del Monte in Cesena: photo, description Abbazia di Santa Maria del Monte)

The Abbey of Santa Maria del Monte is a Benedictine monastery in the town of Cesena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, rises on the hill of Colle, Spaziano.

The Abbey was founded in the 1001st year, but its construction lasted for a quarter of a century. In a Church the relics of St. Mauro, a Benedictine monk, the former first Bishop of Cesena, in the 10th century. Mauro used to climb a tall hill, Spaziano for worship - in this place today stands the monastery.

In 1177, the year in the Abbey hosted the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, who had promised the monks his protection and granted a large plot of land. However, in the 14th century the Abbey was pillaged, and for some time it was converted into barracks for soldiers. The monks had to wander throughout the year. After his return they found the monastery in rubble. Its reconstruction lasted for almost a hundred years.

Between 1536 and 1548 m over the years the Abbey Church acquired its present appearance - she rebuilt the project of Domenico Gravina based on the drawings of Bramante. Being the cultural centre of Cesena Basilica del Monte was crowned the most outstanding local artists of their time - Scipione Sacco, Girolamo Longhi and Francesco mazini. Over the dome and a stone staircase, probably, was Francesco Morandi, known as Terribilia.

Unfortunately, a series of misfortunes led to the crisis of the Abbey in the 17th century, which has been strengthened by the earthquake of 1768, the year - then collapsed the dome of the Basilica. Only at the end of the 18th century it was restored and re-decorated. But in 1796, the year the Abbey was abolished by Napoleon who occupied Italy. The monks were expelled, and all the property of the monastery was sold out. Only in 1814, the year the Abbey of Santa Maria del Monte was transferred Pope Pius VII, a native of Cesena. On his orders, it was restored and renovated, but did not last long, in 1866, the year was again abolished.

Today, the Abbey is one of the richest in Europe of collections of items given to the Church by vow. It also operates a workshop for restoration of antique books, well known in Italy.