/ / Agropoli: photo description (Agropoli)

Agropoli: photo description (Agropoli)

Agropoli is a town in the province of Salerno in the Italian region Campania, located on the shore of the Tyrrhenian sea, the so-called Silentinstall Riviera. The promontory on which the city lies was inhabited by people during the Neolithic, but the permanent population engaged in fishing and hunting, appeared here only in the bronze and iron ages. To the East of the Cape, at the mouth of the river Testene, is a sheltered Bay, in ancient times known as Foca and is now almost completely silted. Before and after the founding of the neighboring Poseidonia the Greeks used the Bay to trade with the local population. They gave the promontory the Greek name, Peter (stony hill) and built on it a temple of Artemis, goddess of the hunt.

In the era of Ancient Rome to the East of the Cape was founded a coastal city Arcola, which developed rapidly and flourished until the 5th century BC, when the frequent invasions of the vandals have made life in the city unbearable. The population was forced to leave Ercola and take refuge in a more secure place. Then, in the 6th century, during the Greek-Gothic wars, the Byzantines founded South of Salerno, a fortified settlement on the shores of a well protected Bay, and called it Akropolis. In the same century in Akropolis found refuge fleeing from the Bishop of Paestum, and the city has become not only the diocese, but in the main Byzantine center of the Tyrrhenian coast. Until 882, the year of Agropoli remained in the hands Vizantii, and then fell under the blows of the Saracens, who turned the city into his fortress. Hence, the warlike pirates went to their bloody Crusades and ravaged the surrounding territory. Only in the 915th year of Agropoli was released and for several centuries has returned to the jurisdiction of the Bishop. In the 16-17th centuries the town was several times attacked by Turkish pirates, but managed to survive and in the 19th century, began to expand outside the medieval city walls.

The old part of the city, including the defensive walls of the 7th century, remained intact and today are popular tourist attractions. Among other monuments of history and culture can be called the Byzantine tombs, ruins of the medieval monastery of San Francesco, the Church of Santa Maria di Costantinopoli, San Marco and San Francesco and the Angevin-Aragonese castle, built on the site of the Byzantine fortifications of the 6th century. In the municipal antique shop has an impressive collection of archaeological artifacts.

In addition Agropoli an important seaside resort - the best beaches located in the territory of Bay of Trentova and stretches for 3 km. East of the Bay, on a small promontory, rises the coastal tower of San Francesco, 16th century. To the North of this promontory stretches another beach, going to the archaeological area of Paestum. For many years, the beaches of Agropoli receive the prestigious "blue flag" for its cleanliness and well-developed infrastructure.