/ / ACRI: photos, description (Acri)

ACRI: photos, description (Acri)

ACRI is a small town in the province of Cosenza, located on three hills in the valley of the rivers Malone and Kalamo on the border of the national Park "Power". This territory was populated by people in the Neolithic period (3500 -2800 BC). In the late 20 th - early 21-th century on the hill of Colle Doña archaeological excavations were conducted, in which were found traces of two ancient settlements. One of them belongs to the bronze age, and the second dates from the early bronze age. Probably the last settlement was founded by the ancient Greeks.

During the Second Punic war, the city took the side of Hannibal against Rome, but in the 3rd century BC was seized by a powerful Empire. Becoming a Roman colony, the city experienced a period of economic prosperity. Later, after the fall of the Roman Empire, acre became part of the Kingdom of Odoacer, and then passed under the rule of the ostrogothic king Theodoric. In the middle of the 6th century the city was besieged Totaly troops, who looted it and almost completely destroyed.

In the era of the Lombards ACRI has become gastaldato - administrative center, which was ruled by a puppet king, and in 896, the year the town was again captured, this time by the Byzantines. Later, the city was repeatedly attacked by the Saracens who were not spared its inhabitants. Only with the advent of the Norman ruler Robert Guiscard began a relatively peaceful period in the history of the city. In the 13th century, when the Hohenstaufen, ACRI once again experienced a period of economic prosperity due to the development of silk trade. Then, together with other cities of southern Italy, he became part of the possessions of the Anjou dynasty, which ruled here for two centuries. Instead came the Angevins, the Aragonese, who brought with them death and destruction. Tragicheskii episodes of the period were the burning of the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, with women and children inside and public execution of the commander Nicolo Cundiff. In 1496, the year the Aragonese expelled the French king Charles VIII, whose troops destroyed the castle and executed many members of the local aristocracy.

Today, ACRI is a quiet provincial town, which can offer tourists a number of attractions for inspection. The main Church of the city survived, despite numerous earthquakes and other disasters, and kept its historical and architectural significance. The Church of Santa Maria Maggiore was rebuilt in the 17th century - today it is possible to see the wooden crucifix of the 14th century and other works of art. Also in ACRI is to examine the Capuchin monastery, the medieval Church Annunziata the Church of Beato Angelo d acre with an adjoining Museum, which is the real room where the blessed Angelo spent his days in prayer, and numerous items of his clothing. The body of the blessed is kept in a glass tomb in the Church of his name. Noteworthy ruins of an ancient castle and a number of former aristocratic residences now turned into museums, such as Palazzo Sanseverino and Palazzo Feraudo.