/ / The altar of the World: photos, description (Ara Pacis)

The altar of the World: photos, description (Ara Pacis)

The Ara Pacis is an altar in Rome dedicated to the goddess of the world. The monument was made on behalf of the Roman Senate in 13 BC to honor the return of Augustus from three years of travel in Roman Spain and Gaul. Consecrated in 9 BC during the celebration of the peace brought by Augustus of the Roman Empire as a result of numerous military victories.

The Ara Pacis consists of a small altar in the center and four surrounding walls. Along the walls are two-level borders, on which the visible image of peace and prosperity as a result of the superiority of Rome. In addition, an altar should have reminded the Romans about the achievements of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

The Ara Pacis stood within the elegant marble railings, on which were depicted scenes of traditional Roman virtues, and the Emperor himself with his wife during the performance of sacrifice. It includes men, women and children, addressing the gods, - it is interesting that the image of the children at that time was a novelty, if not an unprecedented phenomenon. Today the Ara Pacis is considered a masterpiece, the most famous sculptural works of the era Aug. Two-thirds of the upper scenes in the monument are occupied by images of the clergy, and the remaining space is located figures from Roman mythology - Romulus, Remus, king NUMA, Aeneas, etc. Probably August considered himself a descendant of Aeneas, so the choice of figures was determined. In the lower part of the monument depicts scenes of nature.

Initially, the Ara Pacis was located on the Northern outskirts of Rome - he was standing on the northeast corner of the field of Mars, the territory that August turned into a kind of Museum under the open sky. In the 2nd century n .uh. the altar was surrounded by a defensive wall, and gradually he was immersed in the layer of the earth. The first fragments of the monument was discovered in 1568 under the Palazzo Chigi - they were deposited in the Villa Medici, the Vatican, and the Uffizi gallery and the Louvre. In 1859, still some fragments were found in the same area under the Theater building Olympia, which was part of the Palazzo Peretti. Half a century later, after the detected fragments were identified as part of the Ara Pacis, the Ministry of national education has been requested to carry out further excavations. Permission was granted, but when half of the monument had already been dug up, and 53 of the fragment carefully studied, the excavation had to stop. In 1937, the 2000 years anniversary of the birth of August, it was decided to resume work with the latest technologies. And in 1938 on the orders of Benito Mussolini to protect the Altar of Peace was built a special building near the Mausoleum of August - it was an attempt by the Duce to create a theme Park of Ancient Rome to the glory of fascist Italy.

Today, the site of the building erected on the orders of Mussolini, is a new building designed by the American architect Richard Meier. It was opened in 2006. The municipality of Rome plans to create a pedestrian area along the banks of the Tiber, leading to the monument.