/ / The ancient city of Liliba: photos, description (Lilibeo)

The ancient city of Liliba: photos, description (Lilibeo)

Liliba - the ancient city on the Western coast of Sicily, which today stretches Marsala. Once Liliba located on the promontory of Capo Boeo, was one of the most important Carthaginian settlements on the island, with three sides surrounded by the sea and on the fourth he was protected by powerful fortifications of walls and towers. It housed a large Carthaginian fleet, and it was here during the First Punic war was one of the theatres in Sicily. After the war the city came into the possession of the Roman Empire, and it housed the residence of one of the two quaestors of Sicily - Roman masters. At that time, Lilia was the largest and most important settlement in the Western part of the island.

The city's name probably comes from the Greek word "lilybaeum", which means "one that guards Libya" - Libya the Greeks called all the Northern coast of Africa. In another version of Lilybeum called the source, now absorbed by the Church of San Giovanni al Boeo.

Ruins of ancient Lilibeo can be seen today right in the centre of Marsala, together with the ruins of the nearby island of Mozia they are a true gem of Phoenician-Punic archaeology of Western Sicily. Since 2002, here is the implementation of the project on creation of the Archaeological Park of Marsala, a team of archaeologists almost daily make important scientific discoveries. The whole territory of Lilibeo in the middle ages was abandoned, and today, walking on the site of the ancient city, it is impossible not to stumble on terracotta shards, or fail to notice the city walls rising out of the ground. In 1939 on the site of excavation there were discovered the foundations of a huge building with spacious rooms arranged around a four-columned atrium. Later, in the early 1970-ies, it became clear that the construction of Lilibeo was conducted in two stages: the oldest buildings date from the 2-1 centuries BC, and later - by the end of the 2-3 centuries BC.

2000 excavations brought to light part of the pavement of marble decoration in the form of brooches, coins and a very significant find - a marble statue of Venus of Callipyge the 2nd century BC Latest today exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Barcelona Anselmi".

Also to our days are the ruins of the houses with mosaic floors and bathrooms, carrying out functions of the term, the Carthaginian fortifications and a huge necropolis. The unique legacy of that era is dungeon Krispie Salvia - underground chamber, dedicated to the husband of a deceased wife and is dated to the 2nd century BC Walls of the dungeon are decorated with various scenes - here you can see a flutist with the dancers, the Wake, fruit baskets and flowers.

Finally, in the course of excavations of 2008, archaeologists removed from the ground the statue of the goddess ISIS, which was able to identify the characteristic location of the arms. There have been found ruins of the supposed Temple of Hercules.