/ / The ancient town of Segesta: photos, description (Segesta)

The ancient town of Segesta: photos, description (Segesta)

Segesta is an ancient city of simnow, exiles from Troy. The date of its Foundation is not known, but already in the 4th century BC it was inhabited by people. The Greek historian Thucydides writes about the exiles from Troy who have crossed the Mediterranean and landed in Sicily, where he laid the city Segesta and Erice. These exiles were called elemname. According to the legend, Segesta was founded some Acestea, the son of an illustrious resident of Troy Egesta and the river God Criminosa.

From the very first days of Segesta was at war with another ancient Sicilian city Selinunte. The cause of enmity was serving an unspecified border cities. The first clash occurred in 580 BC, then Segesta emerged victorious. In 415 BC, the rulers of the city asked for help from Athens in the confrontation with Selinunte, which was supported by Syracuse. The Athenians took the request as a pretext and sent to Sicily with an army, which besieged Syracuse, but suffered a crushing defeat.

Clashes between the two cities continued in the year 409 BC, when Selinunte was besieged and defeated by the Carthaginians, again at the request of Segesta. However, in 307 BCE, most of the inhabitants of Segesta were brutally murdered or sold into slavery by the tyrant of Syracuse by Autodom for not rendered economic assistance on his demand. After this event Agated changed the name of the city on Dicaeopolis, which means "just city".

In 260 BC during the First Punic war, Segesta allied with the Romans who defended the city against attempts of the Carthaginian conquest. They granted him the status of "free city" with significant tax breaks. But in 104 BC in Segesta revolt of slaves, which 5 years later is literally "drowned in blood" - it was brutally suppressed by the Romans. Finally, in the 5th century the city was destroyed by the vandals, and never was able to regain its former importance. In its place was only a small settlement where the Normans after the expulsion of the Arabs from Sicily built the castle. Later the castle was rebuilt by order of a family of Svevi and became the centre of the medieval town. But soon forgot about it, and only in 1574 the historian of the Dominican Tommaso Fazello, an expert in the identification of the ancient cities of Sicily, established its exact location.

The current territory of Segesta is notable for the majestic temple with Doric almost perfect features. Most likely, the temple was a work in progress as the traces of the roof and carving on the columns was not found. Perhaps the end of construction prevented razrazilsya war, or the temple was used to hold the ancient rites. According to another version, the roof was made of wood, and therefore have not survived to the present day. It is known that the temple was built in the late 5th century BC on top of a hill on the site of another building that had religious significance. Today it is a sanctuary surrounded by 36 columns, is considered one of the most well-preserved examples of ancient architecture.

On the opposite temple side, also on top of a hill at an altitude of approximately 440 meters, is the amphitheater, built in the middle of the 3rd century BC grandstand is divided into 7 sections and are carved from marble. From the stage, little remains - according to experts, it was decorated with columns and pillars. Inside the theatre could accommodate up to 3 thousand people.