/ / The ancient city Solunto: photos, description (Solunto)

The ancient city Solunto: photos, description (Solunto)

Solunto - ancient town near Palermo, founded in the 4th century BC by the Carthaginians on a plateau in the mountains of Catalfano. For almost one hundred years the Carthaginians controlled the city in those years Solunto, which became a major seaport that could compete with Palermo and Mozia. Later, the city was at the mercy of the tyrant of Syracuse Dionysius the Elder and was destroyed. After some time Solunto was restored and occupied by Greek mercenaries, while during the First Punic war came into the possession of the Roman Empire. These events can be seen in inscriptions in Greek and Latin.

The first archaeological excavations on the territory Solunto was carried out in the 19th century - part of the city was almost completely excavated. Further work was carried out in the second half of the 20th century. Then was discovered a considerable part of urban development, which allowed to reconstruct Solunto.

Located at the entrance to the excavation area the Rare and important items from two homes Solunto: two censers, pottery of the 4th century BC and fragments of painted plaster. Here you can see the three plates in the Carthaginian style, a small bas-relief with the image of riders, the capitals of the columns of the times of Ancient Rome, statues and some coins from different cities of Sicily.

Close to a quarter of ordinary people located area's most upscale buildings, leaving only ruins and fragments of mosaics. The so-called Gymnasium was excavated in the mid 19th century: inside preserved mosaic floor and paintings restored in the second half of the 1st century. The house of Leda is another well-preserved structure, discovered in 1963. The rooms of the house and its walls covered galleries were richly decorated with mosaics and paintings, which complement a variety of sculptures, including three small female figures in robes, two of which are made of marble and one limestone. Nearby is an impressive complex of buildings, clearly interpreted as a temple. To the left is the altar with inclined plate, which connected the altar with a bowl, probably the latter was used to collect blood we sacrifice. In the Central part of the complex was conducted prayer ceremonies. So far nothing is known about the purpose of the third part of the complex, from which remain only ruins.

With where is Solunto, offers wonderful views of the Tyrrhenian sea, the promontory of Capo Zafferano and the Bay of Porticello.