/ / Ariano Irpino: photo description (Ariano Irpino)

Ariano Irpino: photo description (Ariano Irpino)

Ariano Irpino is a town in the province of Avellino in the Italian region Campania, located about 40 km East of Foggia. It lies at an altitude of 817 meters above sea level, midway between the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian seas. Formerly known as Ariano, a town was founded on three hills, and so it is also called the città del Tricalle - the City of Three Hills. From 1896 to 1930-th years, when Ariano was part of the Campaign, it was called Ariano di Puglia. But Irpino is the name of the region of the Apennine mountains, which extend around Avellino. The word comes from okskogo "irpus" wolf.

Ariano lies in the centre of a fertile region, but, unfortunately, poor in monuments of culture and architecture, as has repeatedly been destroyed by earthquakes. In General, the first people appeared here during the Neolithic (about 7 thousand years ago), and in the 10th century, brave samnite tribe of Irpino - warriors of the wolf based on the intersection of important roads settlement Aequum Muticum. Favorable geographical location has made it the subject of strife and contention, and eventually the city became a Roman colony. Sunset colony began during the first barbaric invasions, when the population was forced to flee and take refuge on three hills, which was easy to defend. It was founded Ariano is a fortified settlement of the ancient defensive walls can still be seen today. Around the 11th century to protect the city from the Byzantines, the castle was built, whose ruins stand proudly in the city Park of Villa Comunale.

In the 13th century, Benevento was subjected to a siege by Manfred Hohenstaufen. The inhabitants bravely defended, but fell victim to fraud: disguised as soldiers of Manfred under the guise of friends entered the city and destroyed it completely, killing all the inhabitants. In Ariano remained a road that in memory of this tragic event is called La Karnal - Massacre.

In 1266, the year on the orders of king Charles I of Anjou, the town was rebuilt and received for storage two thorns from the crown of thorns of Christ, which to this day exhibited in the Romanesque Cathedral. Annually in Ariano conducted a historical reconstruction of this event - Dono delle Sante the Back as well as a fireworks show, during which the city's main square and the Cathedral are brightly illuminated.

Ariano is known worldwide for its majolica, a type of pottery that is made here since the 13th century. These same works of art of majolica were made in the 18th century - it was amphorae and jugs, simple in form but very elegantly decorated. Today in Ariano Irpino, make flasks, mugs, busts, plates, Armory, various figures.

From local attractions to call the above the Villa Comunale Park with the ruins of the Norman castle - he was defeated in 1876, the year in the highest part of the city, with views of the Apennine mountains. The Park is spread over an area of 35 thousand sq. m. here there are stone oaks, pines, plane trees, lemons, cedars of Lebanon. Definitely worth a stop at the monument Parzanese and garden gazebos. The Villa Comunale is also an amusement Park and a tennis court.

Another tourist attractions of Ariano is the Museum of Arcucci Giuseppina, located in the former Benedictine monastery of the 16th century. The Museum displays documents relating to the history of the local Benedictine, antique furniture, religious items, reconstruction of the room in which slept the mother of Giuseppina Arcucci, and other items.

Finally, it is worth visiting the town Museum of Ariano Irpino with the collection of pottery (17th-18th centuries, objects made of terracotta 6-5-th centuries BC and a collection of contemporary artworks from the city archives 1865-1955-second period.