/ / Ascoli Piceno: photo description (Ascoli Piceno)

Ascoli Piceno: photo description (Ascoli Piceno)

Ascoli Piceno is one of the largest cities in the Italian region Marche, located 25 km from the Adriatic coast. On three sides the city is surrounded by picturesque hills with romantic names - the mountain of the ascension (Montagna del Ascensione), St Mark's hill (Colle di San Marco), Flower mountain (Montagna dei Fiori). In the North-West is the national Park "Mysterious Mountains", and to the South of the national Park "Monti della Laga".

Ascoli Piceno was founded in ancient times by italic tribes Pechenov by the name which it got its name. The town was located on the ancient road, which in Roman times was known as via Salaria, it is from the Adriatic coast in the Central part of the country came salt. 268-m BC Ascoli received the status of "Civitas of foederata" Federal city with nominal independence from Rome. Two centuries later, along with other cities on the East coast of the Peninsula he rebelled against Rome, but was conquered and destroyed.

In the Middle ages had risen from the ashes of Ascoli Piceno was ravaged first by the Ostrogoths and then the Lombards under the command of the Duke of Faroald. From 593 to 789-th years the city was under the rule of the Duchy of Spoleto, then it was ruled by the Franks, and in the 12th century it came under the power of the local episcopate, which had a huge impact. In the 12-15 th centuries Ascoli passed from hand to hand - it was owned by the family of Malatesta and Sforza, until in 1482, the year the city was not part of the papal suzerainty, and remained there until the second half of the 19th century - the time of the formation of the Italian Kingdom.

Today Ascoli Piceno attracts tourists with its numerous monuments of history and architecture. The Central part of the city is almost entirely built of marble called "Travertino" is a grey stone mined in the nearby mountains. The main square, designed in the Renaissance style Piazza del Popolo is considered one of the most beautiful in Italy. According to legend, in the Middle ages Ascoli was built over two hundred towers, from which to have survived only about 50.

Affects a huge number of religious buildings in the town, each of which is worthy of special mention. So, in the Cathedral of St. Emidio is stored sumptuous altarpiece painted by Carlo Crivelli. The Gothic Church of San Francesco, built in the 13th century, Central portal stands out with elegant decorations and the dome of the mid-16th century. Near this Church is the Loggia dei Mercanti 16-th century - a fine example of architecture of the so-called High Renaissance. One of the oldest churches of Ascoli is the Romanesque Church of San Vittore - the first mention of it dates back to the 996-th year. In the monastery of Sant Augustinus 14th century now houses the town library, Gallery of modern art and the audience, and the convent of San Domenico is remarkable for its cloister in the Renaissance style with frescoes of the 17th century. Also worth seeing is the Franciscan monastery with two old Cloitre, the Church of San Tommaso, with priceless works of art and temples of Sant Emidio alle Grotte, Sant Emidio Rosso.

Other attractions in Ascoli Piceno noteworthy aristocratic palaces - the Palazzo dei Capitani del Popolo, a 13th-century Palazzo del Arengo. Preserved in the town and the old gate Port dzhemina, built in the 1st century BC and port of Tefilla the 16th century. The latter lead to the Ponte of Tefilla erected over the river Tronto in the 11th century. Also to have survived the ancient bridge Ponte di Cecco and the medieval Ponte Maggiore. Constant attention of tourists enjoy the city fortress - Fortezza Pia, built in the 16th century, and the Rocca di Malatesta, erected on the ruins of the Roman baths. Finally, it is worth a look Edicao monumental niche, where once was kept the image of the virgin Mary, and a huge portico Grotte del Annunziata, dated 2-1-th centuries BC the Purpose of the latter is still unclear. And the area of Ascoli Piceno in the town of Castel Trosino in 1893, the year was discovered a unique Lombard necropolis of the 6th century.