/ / Basilica of San Vitale: photo, description Basilica di San Vitale)

Basilica of San Vitale: photo, description Basilica di San Vitale)

Basilica of San Vitale, located in Ravenna, in fact, in the architectural sense is not a Basilica. This is one of the most interesting examples of early Christian Byzantine art in Western Europe. The Basilica is included in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

Construction of San Vitale began in 527, the year when Ravenna was ruled by the Ostrogoths, and ended 20 years later when the city was already the capital of the Exarchate of Ravenna. The name of the architect of the Basilica remains unknown.

The Church has the shape of an octagon and combines elements of Romanesque architecture (the dome, shape of doorways, tiered towers) and Byzantine (polygonal apse, capitals). Of course, its main attraction are its exquisite Byzantine mosaics, the largest and best preserved outside of Constantinople (now Istanbul). In addition, it is the only Church in the days of Emperor Justinian I, reached our days almost unchanged.

The Central part of the Basilica is surrounded by two external deambulatorio - circular rounds around the apse. At the top, intended for married women, preserved mosaics depicting scenes from the old Testament and the image of the symbols of the evangelists on the walls. The vault of the presbytery is decorated with mosaics with images of leaves, fruits and flowers. The apse of the Basilica flanked by two chapels, which was typical of Byzantine architecture. It is interesting that the dome of this Basilica is inspired by the great Filippo Brunelleschi for the creation of the dome of Florence Cathedral.

Next to San Vitale is the national archaeological Museum of Ravenna, which houses Roman coins, Byzantine bone carvings, frescoes, a collection of fabrics and paintings of the 17th-18th centuries.