/ / Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano: photos, description Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano)

Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano: photos, description Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano)

The Basilica, built by Constantine even survived the raids and looting of the vandals Generika heavily damaged by an earthquake in 896 years and numerous fires. Over the centuries it was rebuilt several times and restored with the participation of such architects as Giovanni di Stefano, Francesco Borromini and Alessandro Galilee, which in 1735 has completely transformed the facade.

Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano is a powerful architectural structure of the monumental Corinthian order. Several protruding Central body is adorned with a balustrade, which animates the whole Cathedral, giving it a distinct Baroque overtones. Over the balustrade rise colossal statues of Christ, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist and Teachers of the Church. The Church has five entrances with balconies over them. The last entrance on the right is known under the name of Port Santa (Holy Gate) and is used only on religious holidays.

The main part of the Cathedral dates back to 1589 year, but some buildings have survived from more ancient times, for example, the Scala Santa (Sacred staircase), which Christ was raised at the court of Pilate.

The majestic interior is in plan a Latin cross with five naves. Luxury ceiling presumably was painted by Pirro Ligorio. Along the walls are statues of Prophets, Saints and Apostles, were made to designs by Borromini his pupils in the XVIII century. Where the nave crosses the transept, is the heart of the Gothic Cathedral, the tabernacle, are by Giovanni di Stefano. The papal altar is kept a precious relic - a rough wooden Board that served as the SV.Peter for the ceremony of worship in the catacombs.