/ / Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Classe: photo description (Basilica di Sant'apollinare in Classe)

Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Classe: photo description (Basilica di Sant'apollinare in Classe)

Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Class is a Prime example of early Byzantine art. It was built in the 6th century on the site of the tomb of the first Bishop of Ravenna, St. Apollinaris. The relics of the Saint were discovered here in the course of construction, and then for a long time kept inside the Basilica. However, in the mid-9th century they because of the threat of enemy attacks had to be moved inside the city walls, the Basilica of Sant'apollinare Nuovo. There they remained until 1748, the year when the remains of the Saint were returned to the original place and placed in the main altar of the temple. In 1996, the year the Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Class contributed to the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

Luxury mosaic decoration of the Basilica was created over several centuries - from the 6th to 9th century. Later the Church built a chapel, narthex and bell tower. Unfortunately, after the attack on Ravenna from the Venetians in the mid-15th century from the original mosaics remain, only fragments in the apse.

The building of the Basilica is built of thin mud bricks. The façade is decorated with double arches with pilasters and semi-circular Windows. Inside the main nave is framed by 24 columns standing on square bases and crowned by capitals with the Byzantine pattern. The marble for these columns were brought from the Greek island Prokonessos, and above is a fresco with the image of the bishops of Ravenna.

Among the attractions of the Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Class we can distinguish the altar of the virgin Mary of the 11th century in the Central nave, 10 medieval sarcophagi and a small marble urn, 4th century, with the touching inscription: "Licinia, Valeria Faustina the Italic, the rest in the world, lived one year, six months, six days, beloved daughter from grieving parents."