/ / Basilica of Sant'apollinare Nuovo: photo, description Basilica di Sant'apollinare Nuovo)

Basilica of Sant'apollinare Nuovo: photo, description Basilica di Sant'apollinare Nuovo)

Basilica of Sant'apollinare Nuovo is one of the ancient churches of Ravenna, built in the first half of the 6th century king of the Ostrogoths Teodorihom as the Palace chapel. Initially, this Arian Church was dedicated to Christ the Redeemer, and in 561, the year the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I gave her the name of the Sanctus Martinus in Coelo Aureo. After the suppression of the Arian cult, she was pereosvyaschena in honor of St. Martin of tours, an ardent opponent of Arianism.

According to legend, Pope Gregory the Great ordered to cover all of the mosaics in the Basilica, because of their magnificent radiance distract the faithful from prayer. In 856, the year the Basilica was renamed again, this time in honor of St. Apollinaris, whose relics were moved here from the Basilica of Sant'apollinare in Class.

The apse and atrium of the Church repeatedly modified and rebuilt, starting in the 6th century when part of the original mosaics were destroyed because they were deemed too Arian. Fortunately, the mosaics of the lateral walls 24 columns with simplified Corinthian capitals and pulpit were saved. Some of the columns still can be seen fragments of figures once representing ready and the yard of Theodoric and deleted during the Byzantine Empire. The last restoration work on the mosaics was conducted in the mid-19th century, and the apse was entirely rebuilt after the First World war.

In the upper part of the left side wall of the Basilica has survived 13 small mosaics, depicting Christ's miracles and parables and on the right wall is 13 mosaics depicting the passion and resurrection. The scenes of the flagellation and crucifixion are lacking. Separated by decorative mosaic panels depicting niches in the form of shells and two doves. Historians believe that over these works of art have worked at least two masters.

The entrance to the Basilica is preceded by a marble portico built in the 16th century. And next to it, to the right of the portico, stands a round bell tower 9-10 th centuries. In 1996, the year UNESCO included Sant'apollinare Nuovo in the list of world Heritage sites.