/ / Basilica of Sant of Sant'eustorgio: a photo, description Basilica di Sant'eustorgio)

Basilica of Sant of Sant'eustorgio: a photo, description Basilica di Sant'eustorgio)

Basilica of Sant of Sant'eustorgio Church in Milan, located in the city Park Basil. For many years she was an important pilgrimage centre for pilgrims coming from Rome to the Holy Land, since it is here, according to legend, is the tomb of the biblical Three Kings - Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar.

Basilica was probably founded in the 4th century. It bears the name of St. Eustorgius, Bishop of Milan, who is credited with the movement in 344, the year the relics of the Three Kings from Constantinople. In 1764, the year when he demolished the ancient columns beneath them Christian burial was found with coins of the reign of Emperor Constant, son of Constantine the Great. Later the Church was rebuilt in the Romanesque style. In the 12th century, when Milan was exposed to attacks from the side of Frederick Barbarossa, the relics of kings kidnapped and later taken to Cologne. Only in 1903-1904 bone fragments and clothing were returned to the Basilica. Today they are kept in the altar of the Three Kings of the same name next to the empty sarcophagus. Also on this day, in memory of the biblical characters, Church belfry surmounted by a star instead of the traditional cross.

Starting with the 13th-century Basilica of Sant of Sant'eustorgio was the main temple of Milan Dominican friars who advocated for its restoration. The current facade of the building is a reconstruction from the 19th century. Inside the Church consists of a Central nave and two aisles with groin vaults. From the Romanesque Church has been preserved only part of the apse, and from early Christian buildings - the ruins are located underground in the apse. Also located inside the Basilica of the chapel, whose construction began in the 14th century. Special mention deserves the chapel of the 15th century tomb in Renaissance style and a triptych by Ambrogio Bergognone. In other, more ancient chapels, you can see frescoes by pupils of Giotto and the tombs of the Visconti family members. And the apse is probably the most prominent landmark, the Basilica is the chapel of the Portinari 15th century, one of the most famous samples of the Renaissance art in Lombardy.