/ / Basilica of Sant'andrea photo, description Basilica di Sant'andrea)

Basilica of Sant'andrea photo, description Basilica di Sant'andrea)

Basilica of Sant'andrea is a Roman Catholic Cathedral and minor Basilica in Mantua. One of the outstanding examples of the architecture of the Renaissance in Northern Italy.

The construction of the Church began in 1462, the year on behalf of Ludovico III Gonzaga and architect Leon Battista Alberti on the site of a Benedictine monastery, of which only the bell tower of the early 15th century. Fully the construction of the Church was finished only three centuries later. Further design changes have changed the original design of the Alberti, but despite this, the Cathedral is one of the best works of the master. The Cathedral towers over the Piazza Mantegna.

Facade of the Cathedral, built right next to the monastery bell tower, modelled on the ancient Arch of Titus. It is built mostly of brick with reinforced surface. In the center is a large arch framed by Corinthian columns. The right and left of the arch is a small openings. Novelty design for that time was the connection of the lower orders with columns with flutes and top with more tall columns without flute. The facade is crowned with a pediment and an arched structure, the function of which is not clear.

The Central nave of the Cathedral is covered with a barrel vault - one of the first structures of the kind used in such a monumental structure since antiquity. Probably Alberti planned that the ceiling is coffered, as the arch over the entrance, but it did not have enough money.

In 1597, the year was attached to the Cathedral side of the room and finished the crypt. The dome was designed and made in 1732-1782-m years Filippo Juvarra, and the final decorations of the interiors were created in the late 18th - early 19th centuries.

In one of the chapels of the Cathedral is the tomb of the great Renaissance artist Andrea Mantegna with his bronze statue. In the same chapel contains his painting "the Holy Family". In addition, the chapel is decorated with frescoes by pupils of Giulio Romano and Correggio.

I must say that the main purpose of the construction of the Cathedral was the reception of pilgrims arriving in Mantua during the celebration of the ascension, when from the crypt took out the vessel in which, according to legend, kept the blood of Jesus Christ. This relic is kept in a sacred vessel, which, again according to legend, brought to Mantua by the Roman centurion Longinus, who collected the blood-soaked of Christ in the earth.