/ / The Basilica of Santa Maria della Steccata: photos, description Basilica di Santa Maria della Steccata)

The Basilica of Santa Maria della Steccata: photos, description Basilica di Santa Maria della Steccata)

Santa Maria della Steccata - Renaissance Church in Parma, designed in the shape of a Greek cross. The name comes from the fence - "staccato", which was surrounded by numerous pilgrims that came to venerate the icon of the virgin Mary.

It is known that by the end of the 14th century on the site of the present Church stood a small chapel containing a miraculous image of St. John the Baptist. Next door was the religious brotherhood, which had another Holy icon of virgin Mary with child. The popularity of both icons of the people led to the fact that at the beginning of the 16th century it was decided to build the Church. The shape of the Church resembles a Greek cross with four wings and a lovely dome over the intersection. Each wing of Church has its polypal, as well as several side chapels. The architect of the temple was Bernardino Zaccagni and his son Giovanni Francisco, and over the main dome worked Agrate and part of Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. Finally, the Church was completed and consecrated in 1539, the year, and only the sacristy was rebuilt several times over the next centuries.

On the interior of the Church there were outstanding masters of his time, both local and invited. So, the Baroque altar in the choir is a creation of Mauro Oddi and Andrea and Domenico della Meschina. The frescoes and other decorations in the sacristy belong to the brush of the young Parmigianino, and Michelangelo Anselmi painted frescoes on the apse. Among other artists who took part in the scenery of the temple, Bernardino Gatti, the Dutchman Jan Soens, Jambette Cignaroli and others. Besides the Church there are several tombstones, and in the crypt are the graves of the 26 members of the Farnese family who once ruled in Parma.