/ / The Basilica of Saint Nicholas: a photo, description Basilica di San Nicola)

The Basilica of Saint Nicholas: a photo, description Basilica di San Nicola)

The Basilica of Saint Nicholas was built in Bari, specifically for the storage of the relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, which in 1087, the year brought from Myra in Lycia. Historical documents tell that in the time when the relics were brought to the city, the Governor of Bari Duke Roger I Borsa, and the local Archbishop Arson were in Rome and the relics were given for safekeeping to a Benedictine monastery. And when Orson came back, he tried to take possession of a priceless relic, which sparked a wave of popular anger. In agreement with the Abbot of the monastery decided to build a special temple.

Place for its construction chose a site in the centre of Bari, granted for these purposes by Duke Roger. Already in 1089, the year the new Church was consecrated, and the relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker was placed in her crypt. Since then the Basilica has become a participant in major historical events: for example, in 1095, the year here preaching the First Crusade were Peter of Amiens, and in 1098, the year Pope urban II tried to unite the Catholic and Orthodox churches, however, to no avail.

The final completion of the construction works at the Basilica took place in 1105, the year. Half a century later it was partially destroyed during the siege of Bari by William I of Evil, but soon recovered. During the reign of Frederick II, it had the status of a Palace temple. In our time, 1928-1956-m years, the Basilica of St. Nicholas were carried out restoration work, during which was found the sarcophagus with the relics of St. Nicholas - it is a small stone box with a hole to collect the world. Finally, in 1969-m to year there was another important event in the history of the Church, the Vatican allowed to serve in the Basilica of Orthodox services.

Itself the Basilica consists of three naves and has 39 meters in length. All the naves end with apses, which are covered walls with false arcades. Facade divided by columns into three parts and decorated with carving and a portico, supported by columns with bulls. On either side of the facade there are two towers. In the lunette you can see a bas-relief depicting the sun chariot and Jesus Christ, and in the pediment is a winged Sphinx.

The interior of the Basilica is decorated with reliefs, capitals and cornices, which were partially taken from older Byzantine churches. The throne and kivoriy was made in the first half of the 12th century, and in the second half came the Bishop's throne, carved from a single piece of marble.