/ / Barletta: photo description (Barletta)

Barletta: photo description (Barletta)

Barletta is a city located in the North Italian region of Puglia with a population of about one hundred thousand people. It is famous, above all, the Colossus of Barletta, a huge bronze statue of a Roman Emperor, presumably, Theodosius II. And here, in 1503, the year was the so-called Disfida di Barletta, a battle in which 13 Italian knights led by Ettore fieramosca defeated the French knights. In addition, once the site of the modern Barletta was located in the town of Canne della Battaglia, which flourished in Roman times and destroyed by the Normans in the Middle ages. And nearby is the site of the famous battle of Romans against the Carthaginians led by Hannibal.

Barletta is located on Puglia's Adriatic coast, where rocky shores of the Gulf of Manfredonia is covered with silt of the river Ofanto. The latter has always had a significant influence on the development of agriculture in the region. The city itself boasts long sandy beaches East and West of the port.

Barletta existed long before the advent of the Romans in these areas, which confirms discovered a settlement of the 4th century BC In ancient times it was known as Bartolos or Baculum. The first who settled here were the Phoenicians - they founded a trading post where goods carried to the North, in the land of the Etruscans. This area was known for its wines, for which he received an appropriate name - the Land of wine.

In the Middle ages, Barletta was a stronghold of the Normans and Lombards and became an important transit point for the crusaders, the Teutonic knights and the Templars. After lying nearby Canet was destroyed by the Normans, its surviving residents, many moved to Barletta, which was the reason for the rapid development of the city. In the 16th century it served as a fortress for the Spanish rulers of southern Italy, but by the mid-19th century, the time of the unification of Italy, it was one of the many poorest cities in the country.

Today, Barletta is a small town that isn't particularly spoiled by tourists. Meanwhile, there are a number of interesting historical attractions. For example, the ancient castle, erected in the 10th century by the Normans. In the period of the Crusades it was used as a billeting place for soldiers going to the Holy land. In the middle of the 13th century castle on the orders of Emperor Frederick II was expanded and fortified, and three centuries later it was attached to four massive bastions.

Beside the above-mentioned Colossus of Barletta is located the Romanesque Basilica of San Sepolcro of the 12th century, with distinct characteristics of Eastern architecture. While its facade is in the Baroque style. On the former site of temple of Neptune today stands the Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore is a fine example of mixing Romanesque and Gothic styles. Inside, on the lower level, are the graves of the 3rd century BC, over which in the 6th century was built an early Christian Basilica in the 9th century is another. The current Cathedral building was built in the 12th century and slightly modified in the 14th century. Also noteworthy is the Church of San Giacomo of 11th century, also built on the site of the Roman temple of ISIS. Finally, in Barletta you can see the building of the former prison for slaves and Palazzo Marra - Baroque architecture, near which is now an art gallery.