/ / Bellagio: photo description (Bellagio)

Bellagio: photo description (Bellagio)

Bellagio is a town in the province of Como, located at the intersection of the three branches of the Y-shaped lake Como. He stands at the very tip of the Peninsula separating the two southern arms of the lake, and to the North of Bellagio, on the other side, the majestic Alps.

Bellagio, often called the "jewel of Como, was known in Roman times. Its strategically important location and the amazing beauty of the landscape played a significant role in the city's history. Archaeological finds testify that the first settlements on the territory of modern Bellagio appeared about 30 thousand years ago. But only in 7-5 th centuries BC there was built a Roman castellum (fortress), temple and some semblance of exchange, which served many surrounding villages. The Romans began to grow olives and Laurel - and today on the banks of the lake grow these trees. Pliny the Younger in the 1st century BC described the Bellagio as a holiday destination for noble Romans.

After the occupation of Northern Italy by the Langobards in the Bellagio was built fortifications. It is believed that around the year 1100, the city became a free commune, and its dependence on the city of Como was formal. However, strategically beneficial location Bellagio made it one of the most important settlements on the banks of the lake and the subject of constant strife. At the end of the 13th century the town became property of the powerful family of the Visconti, and became part of the Duchy of Milan. Then, in the 16th century, began two centuries of Spanish domination, it was then built the steps leading from the area of Huggate in the Suir. In those years, Bellagio, due to its geographical position, flourished.

Not least it was during the reign of Napoleon. In the 18th century, Bellagio was built its summer residence of the count Francesco Melzi d Eryl, Duke of Lodi and Vice-President of the Cisalpine Republic. Thanks to the advent of his luxurious villas, the entire waterfront of the city was turned into one of the most elegant and sophisticated heart of Italy. Here was built a road for horse carriages, which connects villas and palaces. Thank Bellagio as the seaside resort has spread far beyond the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom. Even the Austrian Emperor Francis I wished to visit this city in 1816, and then, in 1825, came back here again. In 1838 Bellagio received the Emperor Ferdinand I, the Archduke Rainer and the Minister Metternich, who arrived here on the "Lario" - the first steamer launched on lake Como.

Bellagio was one of the most popular vacation places among the noble families of Lombardy. Here were built luxury villas broke gardens and parks have opened up to the luxury shops, and the crowds filled the streets of the city already in the 19th century. The first hotel was opened in 1825, Hotel Genazzini". Today, tourism is the main economic sector of this coastal resort.

Perhaps the most popular attraction is the aforementioned Bellagio Villa Melzi d Eryl - luxury building, facing the lake. It was built in 1808 - 1815 by the architect Giocondo Albertolli. The Villa has been decorated and furnished using the greatest craftsmen and artists of his time, Appiani, Bossi, Canova, Comolli, Manfredini. This Villa features English gardens, blending harmoniously with the surrounding landscape. It is possible to see a real Venetian gondola, two priceless Egyptian statues, rare exotic plants, secular trees, hedges of camellias, groves of azaleas and gigantic rhododendrons.